- Volume 17 Issue 7
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Comparison of Health Behaviors Patterns between Korean Seventh-Day Adventists and the General Korean Population
한국 제칠일 안식일 예수 재림교인과 일반인의 건강행동 비교연구
- Lim, Jong-Min (Department of Public Health, The Graduate School, Konyang University) ;
- Jang, Ju-Dong (Department of Preventive Medicine, College of Medicine, Konyang University) ;
- Lee, Moo-Sik (Department of Preventive Medicine, College of Medicine, Konyang University)
- Received : 2016.04.27
- Accepted : 2016.07.07
- Published : 2016.07.31
Objectives: This study examined the characteristics and related factors by comparing the lifestyles and health behaviors between Korean Seventh-day Adventists and the general population of Korea. Methods: A survey was conducted of 878 people more than 20-years-old Korean Seventh-day Adventists who live in the metropolitan area and 3,000 people more than 20-years-old who live in the metropolitan area in 4th (2nd year) National Health and Nutrition Survey. A comparison of health behaviors related to health screenings, smoking, drinking, physical activity, subjective stress, weight management, and oral health was analyzed using a chi-square test. Logistic regression analysis was used to identify the contributing factor to the health behavior. Results: Health screening rates among Korean Seventh-day Adventists were higher than the general population (p<0.001), but Korean Seventh-day Adventists showed lower rates of health screening in the 20-30 ages. Lifetime smoking experience rates and current smoking rates were significantly lower in the Korean Seventh-day Adventists than in the general population (p<0.001). The success rate of smoking cessation among ex-smokers of Korean Seventh-day Adventists were very high. In terms of the drinking rate, Korean Seventh-day Adventists were significantly lower than the general population (p<0.001). The drinking rate of men was higher than women (p<0.001). Moderate physical activity of men were higher than women in Korean Seventh-day Adventists (p<0.001). Conclusion: The lifestyles and health behaviors of Korean Seventh-day Adventists, such as tobacco smoking and alcoholic drinking, were eminently healthier than the general population. Nevertheless, further well-organized studies will be needed.
연구목적: 이 연구는 한국의 재림교인과 일반 인구집단간의 생활습관 및 건강행동 비교 분석 연구를 통하여 특성과 관련요인들을 도출하고자 실시하였다. 연구방법: 수도권 지역 만 20세 이상 재림교인 878명과 제4기 2차년도 국민건강영양 조사자료 중에서 수도권 지역 만 20세 이상 3,000명을 대상으로 건강행태와 관련된 건강검진, 흡연, 음주, 신체활동, 주관적 스트레스, 체중관리, 구강건강 관련 항목의 비교는 카이제곱 검정을 사용하였으며, 건강행동에 기여요인을 확인하기 위해 로지스틱회귀분석을 실시하였다. 연구결과: 건강검진율은 재림교인이 일반 인구집단보다 높게 나타났으며(p<0.001), 재림교인은 연령이 낮은 20-30대에서 검진율이 낮게 나타났다(p<0.001). 평생 흡연 경험율 및 현재 흡연율에서 재림교인이 일반 인구집단보다 현저하게 낮게 나타났으며(p<0.001), 재림교인 중 과거 흡연자의 금연 성공율은 매우 높게 나타났다. 음주율에서는 재림교인이 일반 인구집단보다 현저하게 낮게 나타났으며, 재림교인은 신앙기간이 짧을수록 음주를 많이 하는 것으로 나타났으며(p<0.001), 남자가 여자보다 음주율이 높은 것으로 나타났다(p<0.001). 중등도 신체활동 및 걷기 운동에서 재림교인은 일반 인구집단보다 실천율이 높게 나타났으며, 재림교인들의 남자가 여자보다 중등도 신체활동은 높은 것으로 나타났다(p<0.001). 결론: 이상에서 나타난 재림교인들의 건강생활습관에서 흡연 및 음주 등에서는 일반 인구집단에 보다 탁월하게 건강생활을 실천하고 있어 추후 보다 심층적인 추적관찰 연구 등이 필요해 보인다.
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