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중소병원 간호사의 환자안전태도, 안전통제감이 안전간호활동에 미치는 영향

Factors affecting the Patient Safety Attitude and Safety Control on Safety Care Activities among Nurses in Small and Medium-sized Hospitals

  • 투고 : 2016.06.16
  • 심사 : 2016.07.07
  • 발행 : 2016.07.31

초록

본 연구는 중소병원 간호사의 안전간호활동에 영향을 미치는 요인을 파악하기 위한 서술적 조사연구이다. 연구대상은 G광역시에 소재하는 7개 중소병원 간호사 227명을 대상으로 하였다. 자료수집은 2016년 5월 16일부터 5월 23일까지 이루어졌으며, 수집된 자료는 SPSS 18.0 program을 이용하여, 기술통계, t-test, one way ANOVA, Pearson's correlation, multiple regression으로 분석하였다. 분석 결과 환자안전태도 4.11점, 안전통제감 3.74점, 안전간호활동 4.33점이었다. 일반적 특성에 따른, 대상자의 환자안전태도는 학력과 직무만족도에서 통계적으로 유의한 차이를 보였으며, 대상자의 안전통제감은 연령, 학력, 근무경력, 직위, 안전교육경험, 안전사고경험, 직무만족도에서 유의한 차이를 보였고, 대상자의 안전간호활동은 학력, 근무부서, 환자안전교육, 직무만족도에 따라 통계적으로 유의한 차이를 보였다. 환자안전태도, 안전통제감, 안전간호활동 간에 유의한 양의 상관관계가 있었다. 대상자의 안전간호활동에 환자안전태도, 안전통제감, 환자안전교육이 긍정적인 영향을 미치는 것으로 나타났다. 본 연구를 기초로 중소병원 간호사들의 안전간호활동에 대한 강화를 위해서 환자안전태도와 안전통제감을 향상시킬 수 있는 인식전환이 필요하다. 또한, 지속적인 환자안전교육을 위한 다양한 안전 간호사례 제공과 체계적인 지원이 필요하다.

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