- Volume 17 Issue 7
DOI QR Code
The effect of Women' social networking on affective commitment and individual adaptation performance
인적 네트워킹이 정서적 조직몰입과 개인적응성과에 미치는 영향: 여성 공무원을 대상으로
- Na, Ki Hwan (Division of Business Administration, Hoseo University/Ministry of Science, ICT and Future Planning Cyber Security Support Division) ;
- Choe, Min Seok (Division of Business Administration Hoseo University/Cheonan City Hall) ;
- Han, Su Jin (Division of Business Administration, Hoseo University)
- Received : 2016.04.05
- Accepted : 2016.07.07
- Published : 2016.07.31
The number of female government employees is increasing steadily; therefore, the importance of their effective management is also increasing. Recently, female government employees have organized and exploited their social networks to achieve career success. To obtain a better understanding of the consequences of social networking and its impact on female government employees, 262 female employees were asked to provide details about their experiences and attitudes regarding networking behavior (internal and external networking) and how they influenced affective commitment and individual adaptation performance. The results confirmed that social networking significantly increases emotional sharing, and leads to high levels of affective commitment and individual adaptation performance. The moderating roles that positive psychological capital play in the relationships between social networking (internal and external) and emotional sharing were also investigated. The results confirmed that positive psychological capital enhances the impact internal social networking has on affective commitment and individual adaptation performance. Managerial implications for developing effective female employee management strategies were provided for government managers. Based on these results, the theoretical and practical implications of the research findings are discussed, and recommendations for future research are provided.
Supported by : 호서대학교
- Arthur, M.B., Rousseau, D.M.,"A career lexicon for the 21st century," The Academy of Management Executive, 10(4), 28-39, 1996. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5465/ame.1996.3145317 https://doi.org/10.5465/ame.1996.3145317
- Seibert, S.E., Kraimer, M. L., Liden, R.C.,"A Social Capital Theory of Career Success," Academy of Management Journal, 44(2), 219-237, 2001. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/3069452 https://doi.org/10.2307/3069452
- Sullivan, S.E.,"The changing nature of careers: A review and research agenda," Journal of management, 25(3), 457-484, 1999. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/014920639902500308 https://doi.org/10.1177/014920639902500308
- Han, S.J., Na, K.H., "The Effect of Social Network (Informal Network and Mentoring) on Learning Transfer through Absorptive Capacity," Daehan Association of Business Administration, Korea, 28(7), 1835-1857, 2015.
- M. H. Jung, H. J. Kim,"The Effects of Networking Behavior and Career Orientation on Turnover Intention," Korean Academy of Human Resource Management, 19(5), pp. 141-164, 2012.
- Wang, X., Ha, S.W., Cha, J.S.,"The Effects of Networking Behavior and Career Orientation on Turnover Intention," Daehan Association of Business Administration, 4, 101-123, 2011.
- De Cuyper, N. De, Witte H.,"The management paradox: Self-rated employability and organizational commitment and performance," Personnel Review, 40(2), 152-172. 2011. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/00483481111106057 https://doi.org/10.1108/00483481111106057
- Ha, S.O., Jang, S.,"The Effect of Internal and Eternal Networking Behavior to Employability and Career Satisfaction : The Moderating Effect of ender," Organization and Management review, 39(3), 29-57, 2015.
- Park, C.O., Kim, S.M., Kang, S.J.,"Differences in the Job-related Attitudes Between Male and Female Civil Servants in Korean Local Government," Korean review of public administration, 34(2), 269-287, 2000.
- Leana, C.R., Van Buren, H.J.,"Organizational social capital and employment practices," Academy of management review, 24(3), 538-555, 1999. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/259141 https://doi.org/10.2307/259141
- Michael, J., Yukl, G.,"Managerial level and subunit function as determinants of networking behavior in organization," Group & Organization Management, 18(3), 328-351, 1993. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1059601193183005 https://doi.org/10.1177/1059601193183005
- Forret, M.L., Dougherty, T.W.,"Networking behaviors and career outcomes: Differences for men and women?," Journal of Organizational Behavior, 25(3), 419-437, 2004. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/job.253 https://doi.org/10.1002/job.253
- McCallum, S.Y., An examination of internal and external networking behavior and their relationship to career success and work attitudes, Doctoral Dissertation, St. Ambrose University, 2008.
- Sturges, J, Guest, D., Conway, N., Davey, K.M.,"A longitudinal study of the relationship between career management and organizational commitment among graduates in the first ten years at work," Journal of Organizational Behavior, 23(6), 731-748, 2002. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/job.164 https://doi.org/10.1002/job.164
- Ha, S.W., Wang, X., Cha, J.S.,"Two heterogeneous personal networks: The effect of internal and external networking behavior to career satisfaction and organizational commitment," Organization and Management Review, 36(04), 125-157, 2012.
- Wolff, H.G., Moser, K.,"Do specific types of networking predict specific mobility outcomes? A two-year prospective study," Journal of Vocational Behavior, 77(2), 238-245. 2010. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jvb.2010.03.001 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jvb.2010.03.001
- Wolff, H.G., Moser, K.,"Effects of networking on career success: a longitudinal study," Journal of Applied Psychology, 94(1), 196, 2009. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/a0013350 https://doi.org/10.1037/a0013350
- Gross, J.J., Thompson, R.A., Emotion regulation: Conceptual foundations. 2007.
- Johnson, H.A.M., Spector, P.E.,"Service with a smile: do emotional intelligence, gender, and autonomy moderate the emotional labor process?," Journal of occupational health psychology, 12(4), 319-332, 2007. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/1076-8922.214.171.1249 https://doi.org/10.1037/1076-89126.96.36.1999
- Hall, J.A., Halberstadt, A.G.,"Sex roles and nonverbal communication skills," Sex Roles, 7(3), 273-287, 1981. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF00287542 https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00287542
- Rafaeli, A., Sutton, R.I.,"The expression of emotion in organizational life," Research in organizational behavior, 11(1), 1-42, 1989. https://doi.org/10.1016/0167-2681(89)90061-9
- Rime, B., Interpersonal emotion regulation. Handbook of emotion regulation, 1, 466-468, 2007.
- Rime, B., Philippot, P., Boca, S., Mesquita, B., "Long-lasting cognitive and social consequences of emotion: Social sharing and rumination," European review of social psychology, 3(1), 225-258, 1992. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14792779243000078 https://doi.org/10.1080/14792779243000078
- Liu, Y., Xu, J., Weitz, B.A.,"The role of emotional expression and mentoring in internship learning," Academy of Management Learning & Education, 10(1), 94-110, 2011. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5465/AMLE.2011.59513275 https://doi.org/10.5465/AMLE.2011.59513275
- Levin, D.Z., Cross, R.,"The strength of weak ties you can trust: The mediating role of trust in effective knowledge transfer," Management science, 50(11), 1477-1490, 2004. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1287/mnsc.1030.0136 https://doi.org/10.1287/mnsc.1030.0136
- Vetere, F. et al."Mediating intimacy: designing technologies to support strong-tie relationships," In Proceedings of the SIGCHI conference on Human factors in computing systems, 471-480, ACM. April, 2005. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1145/1054972.1055038 https://doi.org/10.1145/1054972.1055038
- Totterdell, P., Wall, T., Holman, D., Diamond, H., Epitropaki, O.,"Affect networks: a structural analysis of the relationship between work ties and job-related affect," Journal of applied psychology, 89(5), 854-865, 2004. https://doi.org/10.1037/0021-9010.89.5.854
- Li, P. P.,"Social tie, social capital, and social behavior: Toward an integrative model of informal exchange," Asia Pacific Journal of Management, 24(2), pp. 227-246, 2007. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10490-006-9031-2 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10490-006-9031-2
- Wirtz, J., Chew, P.,"The effects of incentives, deal proneness, satisfaction and tie strength on word-of-mouth behaviour," International journal of service industry management, 13(2), 141-162, 2002. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/09564230210425340 https://doi.org/10.1108/09564230210425340
- Graen, G.B., Uhl-Bien, M.,"Relationship-based approach to leadership: Development of leader-member exchange (LMX) theory of leadership over 25 years: Applying a multi-level multi-domain perspective," The leadership quarterly, 6(2), pp. 219-247, 1995. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/1048-9843(95)90036-5 https://doi.org/10.1016/1048-9843(95)90036-5
- Luarn, P., H. C. Kuo, Y. P. Chiu, S. C. Chang," Social support on Facebook: The influence of tie strength and gender differences," International Journal of Electronic Commerce Studies, 6(1), 37-51, 2015. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7903/ijecs.1391 https://doi.org/10.7903/ijecs.1391
- Hoy, M.G., Milne, G.,"Gender differences in privacy-related measures for young adult Facebook users," Journal of Interactive Advertising, 10(2), 28-45, 2010. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15252019.2010.10722168 https://doi.org/10.1080/15252019.2010.10722168
- Manago, A.M., Graham, M.B., Greenfield, P.M., Salimkhan, G.,"Self-presentation and gender on MySpace," Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology, 29(6), 446-458, 2008. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.appdev.2008.07.001 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.appdev.2008.07.001
- Luthans, F.,"The need for and meaning of positive organizational behavior," Journal of organizational behavior, 23(6), 695-706, 2002. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/job.165 https://doi.org/10.1002/job.165
- Luthans, F., Youssef, C.M.,"Emerging positive organizational behavior," Journal of Management, 33, 321-349, 2007. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0149206307300814 https://doi.org/10.1177/0149206307300814
- Rego, A., Sousa, F., Marques, C., Cunha, M.P., "Authentic leadership promoting employees psychological capital and creativity," Journal of Business Research, 65, 429-437, 2012. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jbusres.2011.10.003 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jbusres.2011.10.003
- Kim, J.Y., Kim, M.S.,"The effects of positive psychological capital on employee job satisfaction and affective commitment," Business Education Review, 67, 2011.
- Cheung, F., Tang, C.S.K., Tang, S.,"Psychological capital as a moderator between emotional labor, burnout, and job satisfaction among school teachers in China," International Journal of Stress Management, 18(4), 348-371, 2011. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/a0025787 https://doi.org/10.1037/a0025787
- Wang, H., Sui, Y., Luthans, F., Wang, D., Wu, Y.," Impact of authentic leadership on performance: Role of followers' positive psychological capital and relational processes," Journal of Organizational Behavior, 35(1), 5-21, 2014. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/job.1850 https://doi.org/10.1002/job.1850
- Yang, P.S., Choi, S.B., "The Relationship among Psychological Capital, Self-Leadership and Job Satisfaction: The Mediating Effect of Self-Leadership," Organization and Management review, 36(1), 1-29, 2012.
- Collins, N.L., Miller, L.C.,"Self-disclosure and liking: a meta-analytic review," Psychological bulletin, 116(3), 457-475, 1994. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0033-2909.116.3.457 https://doi.org/10.1037/0033-2909.116.3.457
- Pennebaker, J.W., Zech, E., Rime, B., Disclosing and sharing emotion: Psychological, social, and health consequences. In Stroebe, M. S., Hansson, R. O., Stoebe, W., Schut, H. (Eds.), Handbook of bereavement research: Consequences, coping, and care. 517-543, Washington, DC: American Psychological Association. 2011.
- Cohen, S., Hoberman, H.M.,"Positive events and social supports as buffers of life change stress," Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 1, 99-125, 1983. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1559-1816.1983.tb02325.x https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1559-1816.1983.tb02325.x
- Rook, K.S.,"Social support versus companionship: Effects on life stress, loneliness, and evaluations by others," Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 52, 1132-1147, 1987. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0022-35188.8.131.522 https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-35184.108.40.2062
- Morrison, E.W.,"Newcomers' relationships: The role of social network ties during socialization," Academy of management Journal, 45(6), 1149-1160, 2002. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/3069430 https://doi.org/10.2307/3069430
- Anderson, C., Keltner, D., John, O.P.,"Emotional convergence between people over time," Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. 84, 1054-1068, 2003. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0022-35220.127.116.114 https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-3518.104.22.1684
- Forret, M.L., Dougherty, T.W.,"Correlates of networking behavior for managerial and professional employees," Group and Organization Management, 26(3), 283-311, 2001. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1059601101263004 https://doi.org/10.1177/1059601101263004
- Forret, M.L.,"The impact of social networks on the advancement of women and racial ethnic minority groups," Gender, ethnicity, and race in the workplace, 3, pp. 149-166, 2006.
- Luthans, F., Avey, J.B., Patera, J.L.,"Experimental analysis of a web-based training intervention to develop positive psychological capital," Academy of Management Learning & Education, 7(2), 209-221, 2008. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5465/AMLE.2008.32712618 https://doi.org/10.5465/AMLE.2008.32712618
- Allen, N.J., Meyer, J.P.,"The measurement and antecedents of affective, continuance and normative commitment to the organization," Journal of occupational psychology, 63(1), 1-18, 1990. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.2044-8325.1990.tb00506.x https://doi.org/10.1111/j.2044-8325.1990.tb00506.x
- Johnson, J.W.,"The relative importance of task and contextual performance dimensions to supervisor judgements of overall performance," Journal of Applied Psychology, 86(5), 984-996, 2001. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0021-9010.86.5.984 https://doi.org/10.1037/0021-9010.86.5.984
- Ployhart, R.E., Bliese, P.D., Individual adaptability (I-ADAPT) theory: Conceptualizing the antecedents, consequences, and measurement of individual differences in adaptability, In C. S. Burke, L. G. Pierce & E. Salas (Eds.), Understanding adaptability: A prerequisite for effective performance within complex environments, 3-39, Elsevier Science, Oxford. 2006.
- Kim, G.S., AMOS 16.O Structural Equation Modeling Analysis, Hannarae publishing co. 2008.
- Aiken, L.S., West, S.G., Multiple regression, Beverly Hills: Sage Publishing. 1991.
- Altschul, S.F., Gish, W., Miller, W., Myers, E.W., Lipman, D.J.,"Basic local alignment search tool," Journal of molecular biology, 215(3), 403-410, 1990. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0022-2836(05)80360-2 https://doi.org/10.1016/S0022-2836(05)80360-2
- Baron, R.M., Kenny, D.A.,"The moderator - mediator variable distinction in social psychological research: Conceptual, strategic, and statistical considerations," Journal of personality and social psychology, 51(6), 1173-1181, 1986. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0022-3522.214.171.1243 https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-35126.96.36.1993