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The Opportunities and Limitations of Building an Innovation Cluster Based on Large Scale Research Facilities: Implications for Developing and Advancing the Korean International Science-Business Belt

거대연구장비 기반 혁신클러스터 건설의 가능성과 한계: 국제과학비즈니스벨트 조성 및 발전을 위한 시사점

  • Ji, Ilyong (Center for Technology and Innovation Management, KOREATECH) ;
  • Kim, Byung-Keun (Center for Technology and Innovation Management, KOREATECH)
  • 지일용 (한국기술교육대학교 기술혁신경영연구소) ;
  • 김병근 (한국기술교육대학교 기술혁신경영연구소)
  • Received : 2016.05.02
  • Accepted : 2016.07.07
  • Published : 2016.07.31

Abstract

This paper examined opportunities and limitations of building an innovation cluster based on large scale research facilities (LSRF). For this purpose, success factors of innovation clusters were drawn from the literature, and categorized into knowledge & technology, transaction cost & agglomeration economies, hardware & software infrastructure, and government policy & strategy. Utilizing the categorization as an analytic framework, case studies of CERN and SPring-8 were performed. The results showed that there were various innovation processes for both cases, creating opportunities for developing innovation clusters in terms of knowledge and technology. On the other hand, in the case of SPring-8, there were disadvantages in the transaction cost and agglomeration economies, being located in a remote area due to the nature of the facility. Software & hardware infrastructure of SPring-8 limited its potential for innovation clusters. Regarding government policy and strategy, CERN, as a multinational institution, did not consider an innovation cluster in a specific region despite some advantages. An innovation cluster around SPring-8 was promoted by government policy despite some disadvantages. In other words, the advantages and disadvantages were enhanced or complemented by software & hardware infrastructure and government policy & strategy. Based on the results, this paper provides the implications for the Korean International Science-Business Belt.

Acknowledgement

Grant : 국제 과학 비즈니스벨트 입주기업(기관) 재정적 지원방안 연구

Supported by : 한국연구재단

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