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The effectiveness of Sensory Integration : Systematic Review

감각통합 중재 효과에 대한 체계적 고찰

  • Park, Eom-Ji (Department of Rehabilitation Science, Honam University) ;
  • Shin, Joong-Il (Department of Occupational therapy, Honam University)
  • 박엄지 (호남대학교 일반대학원 재활과학과 작업치료전공) ;
  • 신중일 (호남대학교 작업치료학과)
  • Received : 2016.04.27
  • Accepted : 2016.07.07
  • Published : 2016.07.31

Abstract

This study examined the recent study trends through a systematic review of the effect of sensory integration intervention and the objective reason to show the areas where sensory integration intervention is effective. The databases, Medline and EMBASE, were searched for "Occupational therapy", "Sensory integration therapy", "Sensory processing", "Weighted vest", and "Wilbarger protocol". For the analysis studies, 14 studies on the effects of sensory integration intervention from 2010 to 2015 were analyzed and organized according to the principle of PICO. According to the result, there were 4 studies each of evidence levels I and e V, which was the largest number of studies (28.6%). The result from frequency analysis of the measurement used for measuring the effects of intervention showed that GAS and VABS-II were used in the 4 studies (11.8%). 71.4% of children with autism spectrum were the major subject group in the analysis studies and sensory integration intervention had an effect on the motor performance, sensory processing, behavior, learning-related education, and occupation performance area. This study result will be useful for establishing sensory integration as an interventional program in occupational therapy practice. In further studies, it will be important to verify the intervention effect of sensory integration in another rehabilitation area.

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