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The Influence of Perfectionism and Ego-resiliency on Anxiety by Leisure Activity in Nursing Students

간호대학생의 여가활동에 따른 완벽성과 자아탄력성이 불안에 미치는 영향

  • Jeon, Hae Ok (Department of Nursing, Cheongju University) ;
  • Kim, Ji Hye (Graduate School, College of Nursing, Hanyang University)
  • 전해옥 (청주대학교 간호학과) ;
  • 김지혜 (한양대학교 간호학과 대학원)
  • Received : 2016.05.02
  • Accepted : 2016.07.07
  • Published : 2016.07.31

Abstract

This study examined the effects of perfectionism and ego-resiliency on the anxiety in two groups of nursing students: leisure activity, and no leisure activity group. A total of 134 undergraduate students were recruited at two universities in A and B cities, Korea using the convenient sampling method. They were asked to complete a self-reported questionnaire for 11 days in October, 2015. The results showed that there were significant differences in the ego-resiliency (t=-3.80, p=.001) and anxiety (t=3.71, p<.001) according to the leisure activity. In the subjects who did not have leisure activities, perfectionism (${\beta}=.71$, p<.001) and ego-resiliency (${\beta}=-.29$, p=.003) were identified as significant predictors of anxiety and this model explained 58.0% of the variance in anxiety (F=34.50, p<.001). In the analysis according to the classification of current leisure activity, Perfectionism (${\beta}=.54$, p=.003) was identified as a significant predictor of anxiety in subjects doing travel watch and pastime amusement, and this model explained 26.0% of the variance in anxiety in nursing students (F=5.66, p=.009). Therefore, providing strategies to control anxiety can not only improve ego-resiliency, but also reduce perfectionism among nursing students. In addition, it is necessary to resolve the disturbance factors of the leisure activity and create an environment that promotes leisure activities in universities.

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