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Relationship among Emotional Intelligence, Critical thinking and Major satisfaction in Nursing students

간호대학생의 감성지능, 비판적 사고성향, 전공만족도와의 관계

  • Kim, Young-Soon (Department of Nursing Busan Institute of Science and Technology) ;
  • Oh, Eun-Ju (Department of Nursing Changshin University)
  • 김영순 (부산과학기술대학교 간호학과) ;
  • 오은주 (창신대학교 간호학과)
  • Received : 2016.04.15
  • Accepted : 2016.07.07
  • Published : 2016.07.31

Abstract

To provide baseline data for interventions to improve nursing students' satisfaction with their major, this descriptive correlational study analyzed the relationships among emotional intelligence, critical thinking, and major satisfaction. To set up the research data, questionnaires were collected from 232 nursing students in 3 nursing colleges of cities K and B from May 15th, 2014 to June 15th, 2014. SPSS 21.0 was used to analyze the data for the descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, Scheffe's test, and Pearson correlation coefficients. The results are as follows. First, the mean scores of emotional intelligence (4.93), critical thinking (3.43), and major satisfaction (3.76) were above the moderate level but showed significant differences according to gender, grades, and motivations for choosing the major and challenges in college life. Positive correlations were observed among emotional intelligence, critical thinking, and major satisfaction Therefore, when designing an intervention program to improve the major satisfaction, it is recommended to consider a plan that enables them to develop emotional intelligence and critical thinking.

본 연구의 목적은 간호 대학생의 감성지능, 비판적 사고성향과 전공만족도 간의 관계를 살펴봄으로써 간호대학생의 전공만족도를 향상시킬 수 있는 중재방안의 기초자료를 마련하고자 수행되었다. 연구대상은 B시와 K 지역 소재의 3개 간호대학에 재학 중인 232명이었으며, 자료 수집기간은 2014년 5월 15일부터 동년 6월 15일까지이며, 자료수집방법은 설문지를 이용하여 수집하였고, 자료는 SPSS 21.0 Program을 이용하여 기술통계, t-test, ANOVA, Scheffe's test, Pearson correlation coefficients 분석하였다. 연구결과 대상자의 감성지능은 4.93점으로 중간이상이며, 하위영역에서 자기감성인식, 타인감정인식, 감성조절, 감정활용 순으로 나타났고, 비판적 사고성향 3.43점이며, 하위영역에서 지적통합, 개방성, 진실추구 순이며 도전성이 가장 낮았다. 전공만족도는 3.76점으로 나타나 중간이상이었고, 일반적 특성에서 성별, 학업성적, 간호학과 선택 동기, 학교생활어려움 등에 따라 통계적으로 유의한 차이를 보였다. 대상자의 감성지능, 비판적 사고성향, 전공만족도는 통계적으로 유의한 순 상관관계를 나타냈다. 따라서 간호대학생의 전공만족도를 향상을 위한 중재프로그램을 계획 시에는 감성지능과 비판적 사고성향을 향상시킬 수 있는 방안을 고려할 필요가 있다.

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