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A Study on the Effect of University Students' Perception of Job Competence on Job-seeking Attitude

대학생의 취업역량 중요도 인식이 취업태도에 미치는 영향

  • Received : 2016.06.09
  • Accepted : 2016.06.20
  • Published : 2016.07.31

Abstract

This study analyzed the effect of university students' perception of job competence on job-seeking attitude. The study results showed that certificate and job-related experience significantly affected will of getting a job and self-efficiency. It is suggested that emphasizing the importance of getting a certificate and doing job-related practice is more effective rather than getting higher level of education or good grade to improve university students' job-seeking attitude. Also, if students took job-realated education in university job support center, their importance perception of job-related experience, will of getting a job, degree of self-development were higher. This study provided implications for verifying the importance and effectiveness of job competence in enhancing university students' job-seeking attitude.

본 연구는 대학생의 취업역량 중요도 인식이 취업태도에 미치는 영향을 분석하였다. 연구결과 취업의지에 유의한 영향을 미치는 취업역량인식 요소는 자격증(p<.05, ${\beta}=.247$)과 취업관련경험(p<.1, ${\beta}=.240$)이었으며 자기효능감에 유의한 영향을 미치는 취업역량인식 요소 또한 자격증(p<.01, ${\beta}=.349$), 취업관련경험(p<.1, ${\beta}=.227$) 순으로 나타났다. 이는 대학생의 취업태도를 향상시키기 위해서는 학력이나 성적보다는 자격증 획득과 취업관련 경험을 쌓도록 강조하여 구직의욕을 북돋아주는 것이 효과적임을 시사한다. 또한 대학 내 취업지원센터에서 이력서 작성법 등 취업교육을 받았던 경우 취업관련 경험에 대한 중요도 인식과 취업의지가 높았고, 취업 준비자의 자기계발 수준이 그렇지 않은 집단보다 더 높았다. 본 연구는 대학생의 취업역량 중요도 인식이 취업태도에 미치는 영향을 분석함으로써 취업역량 중 취업태도 향상에 효과적인 요인의 중요도를 판별하고 그 효과성을 검증한 데 연구의 의의가 있다.

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