The Effect of Group Art Therapy on Sociality of Children in Institutional Care -Focus on Anger and Empathy-

집단미술치료가 시설보호아동의 사회성에 미치는 영향 -분노 및 공감능력을 중심으로-

  • Received : 2016.06.07
  • Accepted : 2016.07.20
  • Published : 2016.07.31


This study analyzed the the effect of group art therapy on sociality of children in institutional care focus on anger and empathy. The study divided children into two groups, experimental group was treated group art therapy for twice a week(60 minutes, total 25) and control group was treated none. The study results showed that group art therapy had positive impact on improving sociality, anger conrol and emphatic ability of children in institutional care. Also, there had been positive change in their work in the aspect of form and content by HTP, KSD, DAS test. This study found that group art therapy helped improving institutionalized children's socility with anger control and empathic ability, so it is suggested that group art therapy studies for institutionalized children are of help to improve their sociality.

본 연구는 집단미술치료가 시설보호아동의 분노조절 공감능력을 중심으로 한 사회성 향상에 미치는 영향을 검증하고자 하였다. 연구대상은 J도 I시에 소재하고 있는 아동보호시설 두 곳에서 생활하는 아동 12명을 실험집단 6명, 통제집단 6명으로 무선할당 하였다. 실험집단은 주 2회 60분씩 사전 사후검사 변화를 포함하여 총 25회기 집단미술치료프로그램을 실시하였고 통제집단은 무 처치하였다. 연구결과 집단미술치료가 시설보호아동의 사회성 향상, 분노조절 향상, 공감능력 향상에 긍정적 효과가 있었으며 HTP, KSD, DAS 사전 사후검사에서 형식적, 내용적 평가에 긍정적 변화가 있었다. 본 연구를 통해, 집단미술치료가 시설보호아동의 분노조절과 공감능력을 중심으로 사회성 향상에 긍정적인 도움이 된 것을 알 수 있었으며, 시설보호아동을 대상으로 하는 집단미술치료 연구가 치료적인 역할로 사회성 향상에 도움이 될 수 있음을 나타낸다.


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