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일부 작업치료(학)과 학생들의 DISC 행동유형에 따른 임상실습 스트레스 및 대처방식의 차이에 관한 연구

Study on the differences in the stress and the strategies for coping with such stress arising from clinical fieldwork in accordance with the DISC behavioral style of some of the students of occupational therapy department

  • 차수민 (춘해보건대학교 작업치료과)
  • Cha, Su-Min (Dept. of Occupational Therapy, Choonhae College of Health Sciences)
  • 투고 : 2016.06.14
  • 심사 : 2016.08.20
  • 발행 : 2016.08.28

초록

본 연구를 통해 일부 작업치료(학)과 학생들의 DISC 행동유형에 따른 임상실습 스트레스 차이를 알아보고, DISC 행동유형에 따른 대처방식의 차이를 알아봄으로써 학생들의 행동유형에 따라 임상실습 시 발생할 수 있는 스트레스 대처방안을 제시할 수 있는 기초자료를 제공하고자 한다. 2015년 9월 1일부터 9월30일까지 부산, 울산, 경남 지역에 위치한 작업치료(학)과가 있는 대학교를 직접 방문하여 DISC 행동유형검사를 실시하고 임상실습 스트레스와 스트레스 대처방식에 관한 설문을 실시하였다. 연구결과, DISC 행동유형에 따라 임상실습 스트레스 세부항목에 차이가 나타났고, DISC 행동유형에 따라 스트레스 대처방식의 차이가 나타남을 알 수 있었다. 주도형은 임상실습 기관의 물리적 환경, 임상과제의 양, 환자에 대한 수행평가, 다른 실습생과의 비교 항목에서, 사교형은 SOAP 노트와 일지작성 항목에서, 안정형은 자신의 능력수준, 실습지와 집과의 거리, 과제에 의한 수면부족 항목에서, 신중형은 할당받은 환자의 상태, 환자의 성별 항목에서 각각 다른 유형에 비해 스트레스가 높게 나타났다. 또한 주도형은 다른 유형에 비해 문제중심 대처방식을 많이 사용하고, 신중형은 정서중심 대처방식을 많이 사용하는 것으로 나타났다. 따라서 이러한 연구결과를 바탕으로 추후 추가적인 연구를 통해 작업치료(학)과 학생들의 임상실습 시 학생들의 행동유형을 고려하여 임상실습 스트레스를 대처할 수 있도록 실습지도 및 상담 매뉴얼 개발을 고려해볼 필요가 있다.

키워드

DISC 행동유형;임상실습;스트레스;대처방식;작업치료(학)과

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피인용 문헌

  1. Levels of Clinical Practice Stress and Coping Strategies according to Nursing Students' Personality/Behavior Types vol.14, pp.2, 2017, https://doi.org/10.16952/pns.2017.14.2.81