The Effects of Family Strength on the Ethnical Identity of Third Culture Adolescents- Focusing on the Medication Effects of Self-Esteem

제3문화 청소년의 가족건강성이 민족정체성에 미치는 영향 : 자아존중감을 매개효과로

  • Received : 2016.07.02
  • Accepted : 2016.08.20
  • Published : 2016.08.28


The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of Family Strength(FS) on the Ethnical Identity(EI) of Third Culture Adolescents and to verify the mediating effect of Self-Esteem(SE) between FS and EI. The subjects of this study were 86 adolescents from two different regions-Fairfax, Virginia and Irvine, California-who are ethnically Korean and hold either Korean or American citizenship. These analyses were carried out with SPSS 18.0, using t-test, one-way ANOVA, corelation analysis, regression analysis and Sobel test to test the significance of a mediation effect. The results of this study are as follows: 1. FS, SE and EI showed a significant positive correlation. 2. SE mediated the effects the relationship between FS and EI. 3. SE had a partial mediation effect on the relationship between FS and Exploration, a sub-variable of EI. SE also had a significant effect on Affirmation, a sub-variable of EI, but there was no significant effect on FS. The results discuss the implication and limitations of this study, and make suggestions for a follow-up study for a healthy ethnic identity formation.


Third Culture Adolescent;Ethnic Identity;Family Strength;Self-Esteem;Counseling;Convergence Policy approach


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