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융·복합 시대에 대학생 배경변인별 진로장벽, 진로태도성숙, 진로직업역량 차이분석

A Study on the Difference of Career Barriers, Career Attitude Maturity, and Career Competencies based on Gender, Grade, and Fields of Major of Undergraduate students in the age of Convergence

  • 박성희 (가천대학교 교육대학원) ;
  • 안재희 (숙명여자대학교 교육학부)
  • Park, Sung-Hee (Graduate School of Education, Gachon University) ;
  • Ahn, Jae-Hee (Division of Education, Sookmyung Women's University)
  • 투고 : 2016.07.07
  • 심사 : 2016.08.20
  • 발행 : 2016.08.28

초록

본 연구의 목적은 대학생의 성별, 학년별, 전공계열별 등 배경변인별 특성에 따른 진로태도성숙, 진로장벽, 진로직업역량의 차이를 분석하는 것이다. 이에 2015학년 2학기에 A대학에 개설된 '자기개발과 진로탐색'과 '취업성공전략'등 진로관련 교양수업에 참가한 대학생 320명을 대상으로 실시한 설문을 다변량분산분석을 통해 분석하였다. 그 결과 성별에 따라 진로장벽과 진로태도성숙에 차이가 나타났는데, 여학생들이 남학생들에 비해 자기명확성 부족과 대인관계 어려움을 겪고 있으며, 진로태도성숙의 하위요인 중 독립성에서 남학생들이 여학생들보다 높았다. 또한 성별, 학년별, 전공계열별로 진로직업역량에 차이가 나타났다. 여학생들이 남학생들보다 진로탐색 역량이 높았으며 진로 직업탐색과 직업 수행에서는 공통적으로 2학년이 가장 낮았으며, 학년이 높아질수록 높아졌다. 진로 직업탐색과 진로설계에서 전공계열별로 차이가 나타났는데, 공통적으로 사회계열 전공이 제일 높았으며, 인문과 공학계열이 낮게 나타났다. 이에 제도적 차원에서 대학은 이러한 집단 간 차이를 고려하여 진로지도의 방향 설정 및 취업지원서비스를 기획 운영해야 할 것이다.

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