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Factors Associated with Obstructive Sleep Apnea Risk in Patients with Metabolic Syndrome

대사증후군 대상자의 폐쇄성수면무호흡증 위험성 관련요인

  • Kim, Jae Hee (Yonsei University, Severance Cardiovascular Hospital) ;
  • Chu, Sang Hui (Department of Clinical Nursing Science, Yonsei University College of Nursing. Mo-Im Kim Nursing Research Institute, Yonsei University)
  • 김재희 (연세대학교 대학원 간호학과.세브란스 심장혈관병원) ;
  • 추상희 (연세대학교 임상간호과학과.김모임 간호학연구소)
  • Received : 2016.06.10
  • Accepted : 2016.08.05
  • Published : 2016.08.31

Abstract

Purpose: This study was conducted to identify the factors associated with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) risk in patients with metabolic syndrome (MS). Methods: Patients with MS between 30 and 74 years of age were recruited in an outpatient clinic of a cardiovascular center in Seoul, South Korea. MS and the risk of OSA were evaluated by Berlin questionnaire survey, the medical records of the participants were reviewed and a comprehensive lifestyle survey was performed. SPSS WIN 21.0 was used for statistical analysis. Results: BMI (OR: 1.31, CI: 1.14-1.51, p<.001) and lifestyle score (OR: 0.96, CI: 0.93-0.99, p=.028) were associated with the risk of OSA. Physical activity, weight control and diet were specifically associated with the risk of OSA after controlling for age, gender and BMI. Conclusion: This study demonstrated that lifestyle was an important factor associated with OSA risk in patients with MS.

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