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Ileal Amino Acid Digestibility of Broken Rice Fed to Postweaned Piglets with or without Multicarbohydrase and Phytase Supplementation

  • Dadalt, J.C. (Department of Animal Nutrition and Production, University of Sao Paulo) ;
  • Gallardo, C. (Department of Animal Nutrition and Production, University of Sao Paulo) ;
  • Polycarpo, G.V. (Department of Animal Nutrition and Production, University of Sao Paulo) ;
  • Budino, F.E.L. (Animal Science Institute, IZ) ;
  • Rogiewicz, A. (Department of Animal Science, University of Manitoba) ;
  • Berto, D.A. (Department of Animal Science, UNESP) ;
  • Trindade Neto, M.A. (Department of Animal Nutrition and Production, University of Sao Paulo)
  • Received : 2015.10.20
  • Accepted : 2016.03.04
  • Published : 2016.10.01

Abstract

Most of amino acid (AA) digestibility values for feed ingredients are obtained using pigs cannulated in the distal ileum. The ileal-cannulated pig model uses pigs older than six weeks due to difficulties related to implanting the T-cannula in distal ileum of younger pigs and complications during the post-surgical recovery. However, to properly formulate the diet of weaned pigs, the nutritive value of feed ingredients should be determined with younger pigs. Thus, 25 weaned pigs were used to determine the apparent total tract digestibility (ATTD) of nutrients, energy, and apparent ileal digestibility (AID) and standardized ileal digestibility (SID) ileal AA digestibility of broken rice (BR), with or without multicarbohydrase (MC) and phytase (Phy) supplementation. Piglets were weaned at 23 d of age and individually housed in digestibility cages until 45 d of age. The trial consisted of 7 d of adaptation to the experimental diets and 3 d of excreta (feces and urine) collection. Ileal digesta was collected at slaughter (about 6 weeks of age). A completely randomized experimental design was used to determine the effects of MC and Phy. Reference diets (RD, 5% casein) was replaced by 30% of BR with or without MC, Phy, or MC+Phy. The RD was used to quantify endogenous AA losses. BR with Phy supplied had increased the ATTD of dry matter (p<0.05) and SID of histidine (p = 0.05), arginine, leucine, lysine, valine, alanine, and proline (p<0.05). BR with MC had been increased digestible energy and protein and SID for histidine (p<0.05). There was no interaction between Phy and MC on the BR nutrient digestibilities. Standardized amino acid digestibilities of BR, without enzymes, were lower than those values reported in the literature. The MC and Phy improved the digestibility of some nutrients and energy of BR in post-weaned piglet diets.

Keywords

Amino Acids Digestibility;Broken Rice;Exogenous Enzymes;Metabolism;Nutrient Balance;Weaned Pigs

Acknowledgement

Supported by : The Sao Paulo Research Foundation (FAPESP)

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