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Effect of Replacing Corn Meal with Barely on Fecal Microbial, Gas Emission, and Volatile Fatty Acid (VFA) Concentration in Growing Pig

옥수수를 보리로 대체 급여 시 돈분의 미생물, 가스 발생량 및 휘발성 지방산 함량에 미치는 영향

  • Kim, Hoi-Yun (Department of Animal Resource Technology, Gyeongnam National University of Science and Technology) ;
  • Kim, Sam-Churl (Division of Applied Life Science (BK21Plus, Insti. of Agric. & Life Sci.), Gyeongsang National University) ;
  • Lee, Hyuk-Jun (Division of Applied Life Science (BK21Plus, Insti. of Agric. & Life Sci.), Gyeongsang National University) ;
  • Choi, In-Hag (Department of Companion Animal & Animal Resources Science, Joongbu University) ;
  • Song, Young-Min (Department of Animal Resource Technology, Gyeongnam National University of Science and Technology)
  • 김회윤 (경남과학기술대학교 동물소재공학과) ;
  • 김삼철 (경상대학교 응용생명과학부(BK21Plus, 농업생명과학연구원)) ;
  • 이혁준 (경상대학교 응용생명과학부(BK21Plus, 농업생명과학연구원)) ;
  • 최인학 (중부대학교 애완동물자원학과) ;
  • 송영민 (경남과학기술대학교 동물소재공학과)
  • Received : 2016.06.14
  • Accepted : 2016.08.21
  • Published : 2016.08.31

Abstract

The objectives of this study were to evaluate the effect of replacing 40% corn meal with three different types of barley (Youngyang, Wooho, and Yuyeon) on the chemical compositions, microbial indices, gas emission, and volatile fatty acid (VFA) content in feces of growing pigs. Sixteen pigs (Landrace ${\times}$ Yorkshire ${\times}$ Duroc) with an initial average body weight of $71{\pm}2kg$ were maintained in metabolic cages and randomly allotted to four treatments containing different sources of barley, for 23 days. The treatment with three different barley types replacing 40% ground corn showed no effect (P>0.05) on fecal chemical compositions, microbial indices, gas emission, and VFA. However, some differences (P<0.05) were noted in the chemical compositions of crude fiber and ash, and in the levels of Lactobacillus and Salmonella in the feces of the growing pigs. In conclusion, methane and hydrogen sulfide decreased by replacing 40% corn meal with Youngyang and Wooho barley, respectively.

Keywords

Barley;Corn;Gas emission;Microbial indices;Pig manure;Volatile fatty acid

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 경남과학기술대학교

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