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The Analysis of PM10 Concentration and Emission Contribution in the Major Cities of Korea

한반도 주요 대도시의 PM10 농도 특성 및 배출량과의 상관성 분석

  • Kang, Minsung (Division of Earth Environmental System, Pusan National University) ;
  • Kim, Yoo-Keun (Department of Atmospheric Sciences, Pusan National University) ;
  • Kim, Taehee (Division of Earth Environmental System, Pusan National University) ;
  • Kang, Yoon-Hee (The Institute of Environmental Studies, Pusan National University) ;
  • Jeong, Ju-Hee (Department of Atmospheric Sciences, Pusan National University)
  • 강민성 (부산대학교 지구환경시스템학부) ;
  • 김유근 (부산대학교 대기환경과학과) ;
  • 김태희 (부산대학교 지구환경시스템학부) ;
  • 강윤희 (부산대학교 환경연구원) ;
  • 정주희 (부산대학교 대기환경과학과)
  • Received : 2016.04.06
  • Accepted : 2016.07.14
  • Published : 2016.08.31

Abstract

This study analyzes the $PM_{10}$ characteristics (particulate matter with aerodynamic diameter less than $10{\mu}m$), concentration, and emissions in eight large South Korean cities (Seoul, Incheon, Daejeon, Daegu, Gwangju, Ulsan, Busan, Jeju). The annual median of $PM_{10}$ concentration showed a decline of $0.02{\sim}1.97{\mu}g/m^3$ in the regions, except for Incheon, which recorded an annual $0.02{\mu}g/m^3$ increase. The monthly distribution levels were high in spring, winter, fall, and the summer, but were lower in summer for all regions except for Ulsan. These differences are thought to be due to the dust in spring and the cleaning effect of precipitation in summer. The variation in concentrations during the day (diurnal variation) showed that $PM_{10}$ levels were very high during the rush hour and that this was most extreme in the cities (10.00 and 18.00-21.00). The total annual $PM_{10}$ emissions analysis suggested that there had been a general decrease, except for Jeju. On-road mobile (OM) sources, which contributed a large proportion of the particulates in most regions, decreased, but fugitive dust (FD) sources increased in the remaining regions, except for Daegu. The correlation analysis between $PM_{10}$ concentrations and emissions showed that FD could be used as a valid, positive predictor of $PM_{10}$ emissions in Seoul (74.5% (p<0.05)), Dajeon (47.2% (p<0.05)), and Busan (59.1% (p<0.01)). Furthermore, industrial combustion (IC) was also a significant predictor in Incheon (61.7% (p<0.01)), and on-road mobile (OC) sources were a valid predictor in Daegu (24.8% (p<0.05)).

Keywords

$PM_{10}$;Korea major cities;CAPSS;Contribution

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 한국연구재단

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