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A Study on the Disaster Management R&D of the US and Japan

미국과 일본의 사례를 통해서 본 재난 분야 정부 R&D의 특징

  • Received : 2016.04.14
  • Accepted : 2016.05.12
  • Published : 2016.06.30

Abstract

Through two case studies on the United States and Japan, this research aims to identify the characteristics of disaster management research and thereby provides policy implications for Korea. This paper analyzed government-funded disaster management R&D for each country: the National Science Foundation awarded projects from 2005 to 2015 for the United States, and Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research from 2011 to 2015 managed by the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science for Japan. As a result, four following implications were drawn. 1) pursuit of R&SD(Research & Solution Development) instead of R&D, 2) shift from prevention to life-cycle management, 3) necessity of multidisciplinary research, and 4) emphasis on post-disaster investigation.

Keywords

R&D;disaster management;hazard mitigation;National Science Foundation;Japan Society for the Promotion of Science

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Acknowledgement

Supported by : 재난안전기술개발사업단