DOI QR코드

DOI QR Code

The Effects of Older Driver's Subjective Evaluation for Driving Ability on Mobility and Subjective Well-Being

운전능력에 대한 주관적 평가가 고령 운전자의 이동성과 주관적 안녕감에 미치는 영향

  • Joo, Mijung (Department of Psychology, Pusan National University) ;
  • Lee, Jaesik (Department of Psychology, Pusan National University)
  • Received : 2016.04.19
  • Accepted : 2016.05.28
  • Published : 2016.06.30

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to investigate relationships among the older drivers' subjective evaluation and objective performances for driving ability, mobility and subjective well-being. Scores for mobility and subjective well-being were obtained using questionnaires. Diagram-based driving scenarios and driving simulation were used to measure subjective and objective driving abilities, respectively. The results can be summarized as followings. First, subjective evaluation scores of driving ability but not objective driving performance significantly correlated with mobility. Second, the higher level of mobility predicted higher life satisfaction, higher positive affectivity, and lower negative affectivity. Third, the older driver's higher scores of subjective driving ability induced higher level of mobility, which, in turn, increased life satisfaction and positive affectivity but lower negative affectivity. The results suggested that subjective rather than objective ability for driving is more important in determining the level of old driver's subjective well-being.

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 한국연구재단

References

  1. Adler, G. & Kuskowski, M. (2003). Driving cessation in older men with dementia. Alzheimer Disease & Associated Disorders, 17(2), 68-71. https://doi.org/10.1097/00002093-200304000-00003
  2. Anstey, K. J., Windsor, T. D., Luszcz, M. A., & Andrews, G. R. (2006). Predicting driving cessation over 5 years in older adults: Psychological well‐being and cognitive competence are stronger predictors than physical health. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 54(1), 121-126. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1532-5415.2005.00471.x
  3. Bauer, M. J., Rottunda, S., & Adler, G. (2003). Older women and driving cessation. Qualitative Social Work, 2(2), 309-325. https://doi.org/10.1177/14733250030023006
  4. Burns, P. C. (1999). Navigation and the mobility of older drivers. The Journals of Gerontology Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences, 54(1), S49-S55.
  5. Diener, E. (1984). Subjective well-being. Psychological Bulletin, 95(3), 542-575. https://doi.org/10.1037/0033-2909.95.3.542
  6. Diener, E. (2000). Subjective well-being: The science of happiness and a proposal for a national index. American Psychologist, 55(1), 34-43. https://doi.org/10.1037/0003-066X.55.1.34
  7. Diener, E. D., Emmons, R. A., Larsen, R. J., & Griffin, S. (1985). The satisfaction with life scale. Journal of Personality Assessment, 49(1), 71-75. https://doi.org/10.1207/s15327752jpa4901_13
  8. Diener, E., Suh, E. M., Lucas, R. E., & Smith, H. L. (1999). Subjective well-being: Three decades of progress. Psychological Bulletin, 125(2), 276-302. https://doi.org/10.1037/0033-2909.125.2.276
  9. Diener, E., Wirtz, D., Biswas-Diener, R., Tov, W., Kim-Prieto, C., Choi, D. W., & Oishi, S. (2009). New measures of well-being (pp. 247-266). Springer Netherlands.
  10. Dobbs, B. M. & Dobbs, A. R. (1997). De-licensing: Mobility and related consequences for the patient and family members. Paper presented at the Transportation Research Board Seventy-Sixth Annual Meeting, Washington, DC, January 12th-16th.
  11. Edwards, J. D., Perkins, M., Ross, L. A., & Reynolds, S. L. (2009). Driving status and three-year mortality among community-dwelling older adults. The Journals of Gerontology Series A: Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences, 64(2), 300-305.
  12. Fonda, S. J., Wallace, R. B., & Herzog, A. R. (2001). Changes in driving patterns and worsening depressive symptoms among older adults. The Journals of Gerontology Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences, 56(6), S343-S351. https://doi.org/10.1093/geronb/56.6.S343
  13. Gilhooly, M., Hamilton, K., O'Neill, M., Gow, J., Webster, N., Pike, F., & Bainbridge, D. (2002). Transport and ageing: extending quality of life for older people via public and private transport.
  14. Hakamies-Blomqvist, L. (1994). Compensation in older drivers as reflected in their fatal accidents. Accident Analysis & Prevention, 26(1), 107-112. https://doi.org/10.1016/0001-4575(94)90073-6
  15. Hakamies-Blomqvist, L. & Wahlstrom, B. (1998). Why do older drivers give up driving? Accident Analysis & Prevention, 30(3), 305-312. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0001-4575(97)00106-1
  16. Hakamies-Blomqvist, L., Siren, A., & Davidse, R. (2004). Older drivers: A review. Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Sweden.
  17. Hole, G. (2007). The Psychology of Driving. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
  18. Jang, H. R., Park, S. J., & Lee, S. C. (2009). The relation between mobility and the psychological well-being of elderly drivers (고령 운전자의 이동성과 심리적 안녕감의 관계). Korean Journal Psychology: Cuture and Social Issues, 15(2), 251-271.
  19. Joo, M. & Lee, J. (2012). Relative Effects of Cultural Orientation-LOC Types on Global/Local Processing (문화성향-내외 통제소재 조합 유형에 따른 전역/국소 처리에서의 차이). Korean Journal of the Science of Emotion & Sensibility, 15(1), 177-186.
  20. Joo, M. & Lee, J. (2013). Differential Effects of Self-relevance Levels on Framing Effects in Decision Making (의사결정에서의 자기관련성 수준에 따른 틀효과의 차이). Korean Journal of the Science of Emotion & Sensibility, 16(2), 177-186.
  21. Joo, M. & Lee, J. (2014a). The Relationship Between Older Driver's Self-Report Safe Driving Behavior, Driving Mobility & Subjective Well-Being (고령 운전자의 자기-평가 안전운전행동, 운전이동성 및 주관적 안녕감 사이의 관계). Korean Journal of Culture and Social Issues, 20(4), 281-305.
  22. Joo, M. & Lee, J. (2014b). The Relationship Between Older Drivers' BIS/BAS and Life Satisfaction: Mediating Effects of Mobility and Affectivity (고령 운전자의 접근/회피동기와 삶의 만족 사이의 관계: 이동성과 정서성의 매개효과). Korean Journal of the Science of Emotion & Sensibility, 17(4), 29-40.
  23. Lucas, R. E., Diener, E., & Suh, E. M. (1996). Discriminant validity of subjective well-being measures. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 71(3), 616-628. https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-3514.71.3.616
  24. Lyubomirsky, S., King, L., & Diener, E. (2005). The benefits of frequent positive affect: Does happiness lead to success? Psychological bulletin, 131(6), 803. https://doi.org/10.1037/0033-2909.131.6.803
  25. Mallenkopf, H. (2005). Enhancing Mobility in Later Life. Amsterdam, The Netherlands: IOS Press.
  26. Marottoli, R. A. & Richardson, E. D. (1998). Confidence in, and self-rating of, driving ability among older drivers. Accident Analysis & Prevention, 30(3), 331-336. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0001-4575(97)00100-0
  27. Molnar, L. J., Eby, D. W., & Dobbs, B. M. (2005). Policy recommendations to the 2005 white house conference on aging. Public Policy & Aging Report, 15(2), 24-27. https://doi.org/10.1093/ppar/15.2.24
  28. Owsley, C. (2002). Driving mobility, older adults, and quality of life. Gerontechnology, 1(4), 220-230.
  29. Park, G. S. (2007). Psychological Determinants of Subjective Well-being of Aged Driver in Korea (한국 노인운전자의 주관안녕에 영향을 미치는 심리적 요인들). Korean Psychological Association Annual workshop Presentation File, 50-51.
  30. Ragland, D. R., Satariano, W. A., & MacLeod, K. E. (2005). Driving cessation and increased depressive symptoms. The Journals of Gerontology Series A: Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences, 60(3), 399-403. https://doi.org/10.1093/gerona/60.3.399
  31. Robson, P. (1982). Patterns of activity and mobility among the elderly. In A. M. Warnes (Ed.), Geographical Perspectives on the Elderly (pp. 5-280). Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
  32. Scialfa, C. T. (2002). The role of sensory factors in cognitive aging research. Canadian Journal of Experimental Psychology, 56(3), 153-163. https://doi.org/10.1037/h0087393
  33. Shrout, P. E. & Bolger, N. (2002). Mediation in experimental and nonexperimental studies: new procedures and recommendations. Psychological methods, 7(4), 422. https://doi.org/10.1037/1082-989X.7.4.422
  34. Siren, A. & Meng, A. (2013). Older drivers' self-assessed driving skills, driving-related stress and self-regulation in traffic. Transportation research part F: traffic psychology and behaviour, 17, 88-97. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.trf.2012.10.004
  35. Spinney, J. E., Scott, D. M., & Newbold, K. B. (2009). Transport mobility benefits and quality of life: A time-use perspective of elderly Canadians. Transport Policy, 16(1), 1-11. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tranpol.2009.01.002
  36. Wickens, C. D. (1997). Attentional issues in head-up displays. Engineering Psychology and Cognitive Ergonomics, 1, 3-21.
  37. Yassuda, M. S., Wilson, J. J., & Mering, O. V. (1997). Driving cessation: the perspective of senior drivers. Educational Gerontology: An International Quarterly, 23(6), 525-538. https://doi.org/10.1080/0360127970230603
  38. Zautra, A., Potter, P. T., & Reich, J. W. (1997). The independence of affects is context-dependent: An integrative model of the relationship between positive and negative affect. Annual Review of Gerontology and Geriatrics, 17(1), 75-103. https://doi.org/10.1300/J021v17n03_06