DOI QR코드

DOI QR Code

초등학생의 역량에 대한 평가유형과 공격성 간의 관계

Relationships Between the Appraisal Type of Competencies and Aggression in Elementary School Students

  • 투고 : 2016.05.31
  • 심사 : 2016.07.20
  • 발행 : 2016.07.28

초록

본 연구는 초등학생의 역량에 대한 평가유형과 공격성이 어떤 관계가 있는지 밝히고자 한다. 평가유형을 과대평가와 과소평가로 구분하였으며 역량에 대한 평가 유형과 성별을 독립변수로, 공격성을 종속변수로 설정하였다. SPPC, TRS, 그리고 AS 척도를 419명의 학생들과 20명의 교사들에게 실시하였다. 본 연구의 결과는 다음과 같다. 첫째, 역량에 대한 자기-교사 평가 간의 상관은 학업능력이 가장 높았다. 둘째, 과소평가 빈도는 행동 품행에서 가장 높았다. 셋째, 행동적 공격성에서 성별에 따른 차이가 나타났다. 그리고 운동능력을 과소평가할 때, 행동적 공격성이 높았다. 넷째, 신체 용모를 과소평가할 때, 공격성의 모든 하위영역인 행동적 공격성, 적대감, 분노감이 높게 나타났다. 다섯째, 적대감에서는 성별과 행동 품행 평가유형 간의 상호작용효과에서 유의미한 차이가 나타났다. 위의 결과는 역량에 대한 평가유형이 항상 공격성을 초래하는 것은 아님을 의미하며 초등학생의 공격성 감소를 위한 유용한 기초 자료가 될 것이다.

키워드

역량;평가유형;공격성;과대평가;과소평가

참고문헌

  1. Jae-Sun Cha, "The relationship between self-esteem and aggression among adolescents: Moderating effects of narcissism, self-concept clarity and positive illusions", Institute for Psychology, Chungbuk University, 2013.
  2. Toch, H, "Good Violence and Bad Violence : Self-resentations of Aggressors Through Accounts and War Stories", Aggression and violence: social interactionist perspectives, pp. 193-208, 1993.
  3. Anderson, E, "The code of the streets", Atlantic Monthly, Vol. 273, No. 5, pp. 81-94, 1994.
  4. Long, D. E, "The anatomy of terrorrism", Free Press, 1990.
  5. Hyo-Jung Shin, Mun-Hee Lee, "The Effect of Attachment Trauma on the Aggression -Focusing on Mediating Effect of Self-esteem and Moderating Effect of Peer Attachment", Korean Journal of Youth Studies, Vol. 21, No. 1, pp. 291-312, 2014.
  6. Eun-Sun Ji, Mi-Heui Jang, "Aggression and Related Factors in Elementary School Students", Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing, Vol. 40, No. 5, pp. 642-649, 2010. https://doi.org/10.4040/jkan.2010.40.5.642
  7. Baumeister, R. F., Smart, L., & Boden, J. M, aggression: The dark side of high self-esteem", Psychological Review, Vol. 103, pp. 5-33, 1996. https://doi.org/10.1037/0033-295X.103.1.5
  8. Blaine, B., & Crocker, J, "Self-esteem and self-serving biases in reactions to positive and negative effects: An integrative review." In R. F. Baumeister (Ed.), Self-esteem: The puzzle of low self-regard, pp. 55-85, NJ: Erlbaum, 1993.
  9. Bushman, B. J., & Baumeister, R. F, "Threatened egotism, narcissism, self-esteem, and direct and displaced aggression: Dose self-love or self-hate led to violence?", Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, Vol. 75, pp. 219-229, 1998. https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-3514.75.1.219
  10. Kaplan, H. B, "Self-attitudes and deviant behavior: new directions for theory and research", Youth and Society, Vol. 14, N. 2, pp. 185-211, 1982. https://doi.org/10.1177/0044118X82014002004
  11. Hye-Won Kim, "Psychological and School Maladjustment resulted by Peer Rejection and Peer Victimization among Elementary, Middle, and High School Students", Korean Journal of Youth Studies, Vol. 18, No. 5, pp. 321-357, 2011.
  12. Choon-Jae Lee, Keum-Joo Kwak, "Self-concept social support according to bullying types", The Korean Journal of Developmental Psychology, Vol. 13, No. 1, pp. 65-80, 2000.
  13. Hyang-Ja Koh, Young-Ran Kim, Hee-Joung Kim, "Narcissism, Self-Esteem, and Aggression in Juvenile Convicts and Adolescents", Korea Journal of Counseling, Vol. 8, No. 3, pp. 917-933, 2007. https://doi.org/10.15703/kjc.8.3.200709.917
  14. Myoung-Suk Hong, Joo-Kyeong Eo, "The Effects of Narcissism, Empathy ability and Self esteem on middle school students' aggression according to the sex", Korea Journal of Counseling, Vol. 14, No. 6, pp. 3911-3928, 2013. https://doi.org/10.15703/kjc.14.6.201312.3911
  15. Yeon-Ok Ahn, "The Relationships of between Narcissism and Aggressiveness : The Moderating Effects of Self-esteem, Stability of Self-esteem, Self-concept Clarity", Institute for Educational Studies, Ph.D. dissertation, Dankook University, 2013.
  16. Myoung-hee Youn, Soon-Hye Kim, "The Mediating Effects of Self-perceived Competence on the Relationship between Covert Narcissism and Dysfuntional Anger Expression of Middle School Students", Journal of Digital Convergence, Vol. 14, No. 5, pp. 541-551, 2016. https://doi.org/10.14400/JDC.2016.14.5.541
  17. Woo-bin Noh, Hye-Young Hong, "The influence of covert narcissism on relational aggression of college students: The mediation effect analysis of self-esteem and social anxiety", Korean Journal of Interdisciplinary Therapy, Vol. 7, No. 2, pp. 81-102, 2015.
  18. Eun-Hee Kim, Seoung-Ho Kang, "Relationships Among Self-Esteem, Cognitive Emotion Regulation Strategies, and Aggressiveness-A Case of Convicts in a Correctional Institution", Corrections Review, No. 47, pp. 119-143, 2010.
  19. Soon-Hye Kim, "Relation of Inflated Self-Appraisal in Competencies to Aggression", Journal of Educational Psychology, Vol. 17, No. 1, pp. 133-148, 2003.
  20. Heatherton, T. F., & Polivy, J, "Development and validation of a scale for measuring state self-esteem", Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, Vol. 60, pp. 895-910, 1991. https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-3514.60.6.895
  21. Darley, J. M., & Goethals, G. R, "People's analyses of the causes of ability-linked performances", In L. Berkowitz (Ed.), Advances in experimental social psychology, Vol. 13, pp. 1-37, Academic Press, 1980.
  22. Swann, W. B, "Identity negotiation: Where two roads meet", Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, Vol. 53, pp. 1038-1051, 1987. https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-3514.53.6.1038
  23. Marsh, H. W, "A multidimensional, Hierarchical model of self-concept: theoretical and empirical justification", Educational Psychology Review, Vol. 2, pp. 77-172, 1990. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01322177
  24. Harter, S. "The determinant and mediational role of global self-worth in the children", In Eisenberg (Eds), Contemporary Topic of Developmental Psychology, pp. 219-234. Wiley, 1986.
  25. Harter, S, "The perceived competence scale for children". Child Development, No, 53, pp. 87-97, 1982.
  26. Harter, S, "Manual for the self-perception profile (Revision of the perceived competence scale)". University of Denver, 1985.
  27. Shavelson, R. J., Hubner, J. J., & Stanton, G. C, "Self-concept: validation of construct interpretation", Review of Educational Research, Vol. 46, pp. 407-441, 1976. https://doi.org/10.3102/00346543046003407
  28. Se-Yeon Lee, Mee-Sook Yoo, "Relationships of Self-Esteem and Narcissism with Aggression among Korean Adolescents", Korean Journal of Youth Studies, Vol. 17, No. 7, pp. 101-128, 2010.
  29. In-Sun Lee, "A Study on the Differences between Children's Self-perception and Teachers' and Socioemotional Perception for the Children's Capability", Institute for Educational Studies, Kyungwon University, 2000.
  30. Hai-Ja Uh, "A Study on Relationship between Self-Perceived Competence Social Support and Self-Worth of Children", Institute for Educational Studies, Kyungwon University, 1999.
  31. Young-Yae Park, "Relationship between Childrearing Behavior and Sibling Relationships and Children's Self-Esteem", Institute for Home Economics, Ph.D. dissertation, Korea University, 1995.
  32. Hyun-Ok Kim, "Effects of Children's social Network on Self-Perceived Competence, Ego-Resiliency and Psychological Well-Being", Institute for Educational Studies, Ph.D. dissertation, Dongduk Womens University, 2009.
  33. Ki-Jo Bae, "Socioemotional Perception Depending on Overestimation and Underestimation on Child-Competence", Institute for Home Economics, Kyungpook University, 1992.
  34. Eun-A Lee, "Development and validation of aggression scale for elementary school students", Institute for Educational Studies, Ph.D. dissertation, Kyungsung University, 2011.
  35. Soon-Hye Kim, "The Relationships between Self -Other Differences of Perceived Competence Rating and Socioemotional Adjustment", Journal of Educational Psychology, Vol. 16, No. 3, pp. 29-57, 2001.
  36. Marsh, H. W., & Craven, R. G, "Self-other agreement on multiple dimensions of pre-adolescent self-concept: Inferences by teacher, mother, and father", Journal of Educational Psychology, Vol. 83, pp. 393-404, 1991. https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-0663.83.3.393
  37. Dae-Myung Kim, "The Effects of the Brain Education Meditation Program on Self-Regulated Learning Ability and the Academic Self-Efficacy of Elementary School Students", Journal of Digital Convergence, Vol. 14, No. 5, pp. 77-84, 2016. https://doi.org/10.14400/JDC.2016.14.5.77
  38. Hye-Ja Kang, "An Analysis on the Two Processes of Social Comparison and Self-Comparison", Journal of Digital Convergence, Vol. 14, No. 3, pp. 445-452, 2016.
  39. Ji-Hye An, You-Dong Yun, Heui-Seok Lim, "The Life Satisfaction Analysis of Middle School Students Using Korean Children and Youth Panel Survey Data", Journal of Digital Convergence, Vol. 14, No. 2, pp. 197-208, 2016.