A New Species of the Genus Orthotrichia (Trichoptera, Hydroptilidae) from Korea

  • Received : 2016.04.08
  • Accepted : 2016.06.18
  • Published : 2016.07.31


In the family Hydroptilidae, Trichoptera, 11 species in 3 genera, Hydroptila Dalman, 1819, Oxyethira Eaton, 1873 and Stactobia McLachlan, 1880, have been recorded from the Korean Peninsula but, until now, no species in the genus Orthotrichia Eaton, 1873. In this paper, we describe a new Korean species, Orthotrichia coreana sp. nov., based on adult specimens from the middle reaches of rivers in the southern region of the peninsula. This species is similar to O. iriomotensis Ito, 2013 from the southernmost region of Japan, but is clearly discriminated from the latter by features of the male and female genitalia.


In the family Hydroptilidae Stephens, Trichoptera, 11 species in 3 genera, Hydroptila Dalman, 1819, Oxyethira Eaton, 1873 and Stactobia McLachlan, 1880, have been recorded from the Korean Peninsula (Botosaneanu, 1970; Kumanski, 1990; Hwang, 2005), but no species of the genus Orthotrichia Eaton, 1873 are known from this area. This is surprising, since Orthotrichia is found in all biogeographic regions except the Antarctic and is one of the most diverse and widespread of hydroptilid genera with more than 240 species described (Morse, 2015). The larvae of this genus live in both standing and running waters (Graf et al., 2008). As far as we know, 14 species of Orthotrichia are known to occur in the Asian Far East, i.e., in Russia, China and Japan (Arefina, 1997; Arefina et al., 2002; Yang et al., 2003; Zhou et al., 2010; Ito, 2013). Here we describe a new species of Orthotrichia, based on adult specimens collected in the southern region of the Korean Peninsula.

Male and female genitalia were figured after treatment in dilute KOH. Morphological terms follow Wells (1979) and Marshall (1979). Type series of the new species are deposited in the collection of the National Institute of Biological Resources (NIBR, Korea). All specimens are preserved in 80% alcohol.



2*Orthotrichia coreana sp. nov. (Figs. 1-3)

Material examined. Holotype, ♂, Korea: Gyeongsangbuk-do, Cheongdo-gun, Unmun-myeon, Sinwon-ri (35°40′42.6″ N, 128°57′29.0″E), 30 Aug 2015, Inaba S, Park SJ, light pan trap. Paratypes, 1♂2♀, Korea: same data as holotype; 2♀, Korea: Gyeongsangbuk-do, Cheongdo-gun, Unmun-myeon, Ojin-ri, Ojin-1 bridge (35°40′13.9″N, 128°58′19.3″E), 30 Aug 2015, Inaba S, Park SJ, light trap.

Diagnosis. The male of this species is similar to that of Orthotrichia iriomotensis Ito, 2013 (described from Iriomotejima, in the southernmost region of Japan), in the general shape of the inferior appendages and posterolateral process of segment IX, but differs in that (1) the right anterolateral margin of segment IX is not produced anteriorly (strongly produced anteriorly in O. iriomotensis); and (2) the paramere has a membranous swelling at basal half (the paramere lacks such bag in O. iriomotensis). The female also resembles that of O. iriomotensis in having a flattened long ventral process and 12 sinuate marginal setae on segment VIII, but is clearly distinguished from the latter by the sinuate sclerotized distal margin of segment VIII.

Description. Adult: Head (Fig. 1A): having typical generic features as follows: postoccipital lobes prominent, subspherical but not modified as scent organ; ocelli absent. Thorax (Fig. 1A): having typical generic features as follows: pronotum with 2 pairs of small round warts, meso- and metascutum without any setal warts, mesoscutellum triangular and metascutellum rectangular. Spur formula 0, 3, 4. Ventral process of sternite VI small and mesal process of sternite VII absent.

Fig. 1.Male of Orthotrichia coreana sp. nov. A, Head and thorax, dorsal; B, Genitalia, right lateral; C, Genitalia, left lateral; D, Genitalia, dorsal; E, Genitalia, ventral; F, Phallus, right lateral. VIII-IX, abdominal segments VIII-IX; dp, dorsal plate; dpia, dorsal process of inferior appendage; lia, left inferior appendage; pa, paramere; ph, phallus; plp, posterolateral process of segment IX; ria, right inferior appendage; ti, titillator.

Male (Fig. 1): Lengths of forewing and hind wing 1.7-2.1 mm and 1.4-1.7 mm, respectively (n=2). Number of segments and length of antennae unknown due to specimen condition.

Genitalia (Fig. 1B-F). Anterior margin of segment IX irregularly curved, with short projection on right side and blunt convex margin at left half in dorsal view (Fig. 1D); posterolateral process of tergite (plp) (Fig. 1B, D) heavily sclerotized, with 2 strongly divergent apical spines and wide base, dorsal branch directed dorsomesad at first and abruptly curved upwards, acute apically, ventral branch directed ventrad, acute apically. Dorsal plate (dp) (Fig. 1B-D) broad, asymmetrical, almost truncate apically with rounded right apical corner, subacute left apical corner, and slightly undulate left lateral margin.

Inferior appendages asymmetrical in ventral view (Fig. 1E), flat with many setae on dorsal surfaces; right inferior appendage (ria) deeply and broadly incised at about half length; its inner branch slightly longer than dorsal plate, gradually tapered, subacute apically; its outer branch slightly shorter than inner branch, gradually tapered, bearing subapical seta; left inferior appendage (lia) not incised, 4/5ths as long as inner branch of left inferior appendage, gradually tapered with subacute apex and apical seta. Dorsal process of inferior appendages (dpia) (Fig. 1E) in form of slender lobes, widely bilobed at base, each lobe curved latero-posteriorly with long seta apically.

Phallus (ph) (Fig. 1F) slender, with slender titillator (ti) at basal 2/3, titillator curled once and elongate dorso-laterally. Paramere (pa) (Fig. 1C, D) slender, arises from left half of segment IX, elongate caudally, slightly exceeding caudal end of dorsal plate; basal half enclosed in membranous swelling.

Female (Fig. 2): Lengths of forewing and hind wing 1.8-2.0 mm and 1.6-1.8 mm, respectively (n=4). Antennae 1.0 mm long and 23-segmented, whitish with 2 dark bands at 15-18th segments and 21-23rd segments (n=2).

Fig. 2.Female of Orthotrichia coreana sp. nov., abdominal segments VII-X. A, Left lateral; B, Dorsal; C, Ventral.

Abdominal segment VIII forming collar-like tube, long ventrally, with 12 strong, sinuate marginal setae; ventrocaudal margin heavily sclerotized, concave medially; long ventral process rather flattened, almost parallel sided. Segment IX membranous withdrawn into segment VIII. Segment X somewhat flattened dorso-ventrally, with pair of rod-like long cerci and a few fine setae.

Immature stages. Unknown.

Etymology. The species name refers to the name of the country where this species was collected.

Distribution. Korea.

Habitat (Fig. 3). Adults are found along the middle reaches of streams. Our collecting site is located near Unmun Camping Area and 5 km away from the Ecological and Scenery Conservation Area of Mt. Unmun designated by the Korean government. The bankfull width is about 50 m and the channel width is about 10 m.

Fig. 3.Habitat of Orthotrichia coreana sp. nov. (type locality, photographed by S. Inaba on 31 Aug 2015).


Grant : 자생생물 조사·발굴

Supported by : 고려대학교 산학협력단


  1. Arefina TI, 1997. Family Hydroptilidae. In: Key to the insects of Russian Far East, Vol. 5 (Ed., Lera PA). Dal'nauka, Vladivostok, pp. 41-46 (in Russian).
  2. Arefina TI, Vshivkova TS, Morse JC, 2002. New and interesting Hydroptilidae (Insecta: Trichoptera) from the Russian Far East. In: Proceedings of 10th International Symposium of Trichoptera, Nova Supplementa Entomologica Keltern 15 (Ed., Mey W). Goecke & Evers, Keltern, pp. 96-106.
  3. Botosaneanu L, 1970. Trichoptères de la République Démocratique-Populaire de la Corée. Annales Zoologici, 27:275-359.
  4. Graf W, Murphy J, Dahl J, Zamora-Muńoz C, López-Rodríguez MJ, 2008. Distribution and ecological preferences of European freshwater organisms. Vol. 1. Trichoptera. Pensoft, Sofia, pp. 1-388.
  5. Hwang JH, 2005. Taxonomic study of order Trichoptera from Korea. PhD dissertation, Korea University, Seoul, Korea, pp. 1-251 (in Korean with English abstract).
  6. Ito T, 2013. The genus Orthotrichia Eaton (Trichoptera, Hydroptilidae) in Japan. In: Biology of Inland Waters, Supplement 2 (Proceedings of 1st Symposium of Benthological Society of Asia) (Eds., Tojo K, Tanida K, Nozaki T). Scientific Research Society of Inland Water Biology, Osaka, pp. 39-47.
  7. Kumanski K, 1990. Studies on the fauna of Trichoptera (Insecta) of Korea. I. Superfamily Rhyacophiloidea. Histroria Naturalis Bulgarica, 2:36-60.
  8. Marshall JE, 1979. A review of the genera of the Hydroptilidae (Trichoptera). Bulletin of British Museum of Natural History (Entomology), 39:135-239.
  9. Morse JC, 2015. Trichoptera World Checklist [Internet]. Clemson University, Clemson, SC, Accessed 14 Oct 2015, .
  10. Wells A, 1979. The Australian species of Orthotrichia Eaton (Trichoptera: Hydroptilidae). Australian Journal of Zoology, 27:585-622. .
  11. Yang L, Sun C, Wang B, Morse JC, 2003. Present status of Chinese Trichoptera, with an annotated checklist. In: Proceedings of the 11th International Symposium on Trichoptera (2003, Osaka) (Eds., Tanida K, Rossiter A), Tokai University Press, Kanagawa, pp. 441-465.
  12. Zhou L, Yang L, Morse JC, 2010. Six new species and 1 new species record of Orthotrichia (Trichoptera: Hydroptilidae) from China. Zootaxa, 2560:29-41.