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Wolbachia-mediated Reproductive Alterations in Arthropod Hosts and its use for Biocontrol Program

볼바키아 세균에 의한 절지동물 기주의 생식적 변화와 생물적방제 프로그램에 이용 방안

  • Rostami, Elahe (Department of Plant Protection, Faculty of Agriculture, Bu-Ali Sina University) ;
  • Madadi, Hossein (Department of Plant Protection, Faculty of Agriculture, Bu-Ali Sina University) ;
  • Abbasipour, Habib (Department of Plant Protection, Faculty of Agricultural Sciences, Shahed University) ;
  • Sivaramakrishnan, Shiva (Department of Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering, Bharathidasan, University of Tiruchirappalli)
  • Received : 2015.08.23
  • Accepted : 2016.03.05
  • Published : 2016.06.01

Abstract

The alpha-proteobacterium Wolbachia is one of the most important intracellular symbionts of arthropods. This Gram-negative bacterium is involved in many biological processes and is currently considered as a potential tool for biological control. Wolbachia is a cytoplasmic bacterium, maternally transferred through generations, and to facilitate its success, it has evolved several strategies that manipulate its host reproductive system to increase the number of infected individuals in the host population. The variety of Wolbachia was first recognized using genes wsp, 16S rRNA, ftsZ, gltA and groEL as molecular markers while strain genotypes of Wolbachia are determined of Multilocus sequence typing (MLST) and sequence of amino acid in region, hyper variable regions (HVRs) in protein WSP. Possible uses of the bacteria and their predominant phenotypes in control programs for agricultural pests and human disease vectors have been considered. Phenotypes are known to induce cytoplasmic incompatibility (CI), parthenogenesis induction (PI), feminization (F) and male killing (MK). Finally, applications of the bacterium in control programs of agricultural and medical insect pests have been discussed.

Keywords

Wolbachia;Intracellular symbiosis;Molecular marker;Biological control

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