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Temperature-dependent Development and Fecundity of Rhopalosiphum padi (L.) (Hemiptera: Aphididae) on Corns

옥수수에서 기장테두리진딧물의 온도 의존적 발육과 산자 특성

  • Received : 2016.03.22
  • Accepted : 2016.05.13
  • Published : 2016.06.01

Abstract

Temperature-dependent development and fecundity of apterious Rhopalosiphum padi (L.) (Hemiptera: Aphididae) were examined at six constant temperatures (10, 15, 20, 25, 30 and $35{\pm}1.0^{\circ}C$, RH 50-70%, 16L:8D). Development time of nymphs decreased with increasing temperature and ranged from 42.9 days at $10^{\circ}C$ to 4.7 days at $30^{\circ}C$. The nymphs did not develop until adult at $35^{\circ}C$ because the nymphs died during the 2nd instar. The lower threshold temperature and thermal constant of nymph were estimated as $8.3^{\circ}C$ and 101.6 degree days, respectively. The relationships between development rates of nymph and temperatures were well described by the nonlinear model of Lactin 2. The distribution of development times of each stage was successfully fitted to the Weibull function. The longevity of apterious adults decreased with increasing temperature ranging from 24.0 days at $15^{\circ}C$ to 4.3 days at $30^{\circ}C$, with abnormally short longevity of 11.1 days at $10^{\circ}C$. R. padi showed the highest fecundity at $20^{\circ}C$ (38.2) and the lowest fecundity at $10^{\circ}C$ (3.9). In this study, we provided component sub-models for the oviposition model of R. padi: total fecundity, age-specific cumulative oviposition rate, and age-specific survival rate as well as adult aging rate based on the adult physiological age.

Keywords

Rhopalosiphum padi;Oviposition rate;Physiological age;Longevity;Model;Parameter

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  1. Thermal effects on the development, fecundity and life table parameters of Rhopalosiphum padi (Linnaeus) (Hemiptera: Aphididae) on barley vol.20, pp.3, 2017, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aspen.2017.05.004

Acknowledgement

Supported by : RDA