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Temperature-driven Models of Lipaphis erysimi (Hemiptera: Aphididae) Based on its Development and Fecundity on Cabbage in the Laboratory in Jeju, Korea

양배추에서 무테두리진딧물의 온도의존 발육 및 산자 단위모형

  • Oh, Sung Oh (Major of Plant Resources Science and Environment, College of Agriculture & Life Sciences, SARI, Jeju National University) ;
  • Kwon, Soon Hwa (Major of Plant Resources Science and Environment, College of Agriculture & Life Sciences, SARI, Jeju National University) ;
  • Kim, Tae Ok (Major of Plant Resources Science and Environment, College of Agriculture & Life Sciences, SARI, Jeju National University) ;
  • Park, Jeong Hoon (Major of Plant Resources Science and Environment, College of Agriculture & Life Sciences, SARI, Jeju National University) ;
  • Kim, Dong-Soon (The Research Institute for Subtropical Agriculture and Biotechnology, Jeju National University)
  • 오성오 (제주대학교 생명자원과학대학 식물자원환경전공) ;
  • 권순화 (제주대학교 생명자원과학대학 식물자원환경전공) ;
  • 김태옥 (제주대학교 생명자원과학대학 식물자원환경전공) ;
  • 박정훈 (제주대학교 생명자원과학대학 식물자원환경전공) ;
  • 김동순 (제주대학교 아열대농업생명과학연구소)
  • Received : 2016.03.22
  • Accepted : 2016.05.04
  • Published : 2016.06.01

Abstract

This study was conducted to develop temperature-driven models for a population model of turnip aphid, Lipaphis erysimi: nymphal development rate models and apterious adult's oviposition (larviparous) model. Nymphal development and the longevity and fecundity of adults were examined on cabbage at six constant temperatures (10, 15, 20, 25, 30, $35{\pm}1^{\circ}C$, 16L:8D). L. erysimi nymphs did not survive at $10^{\circ}C$. Development time of nymphs increased with increasing temperature up to $30^{\circ}C$ and thereafter slightly decreased, ranging from 18.5 d at $15^{\circ}C$ to 5.9 d at $30^{\circ}C$. The lower threshold temperature and thermal constant were estimated as $7.9^{\circ}C$ and 126.3 degree days, respectively. The nonlinear model of Lactin 2 fitted well for the relationship between the development rate and temperature of small (1+2 instar), large (3+4 instar) and total nymph (all instars). The Weibull function provided a good fit for the distribution of development times of each stage. Temperature affected the longevity and fecundity of L. erysimi. Adult longevity decreased as the temperature increased and ranged from 24.4 d at $20^{\circ}C$ to 16.4 d at $30.0^{\circ}C$ with abnormal longevity 18.2 d at $15^{\circ}C$, which was used to estimate adult aging rate model for the calculation of adult physiological age. L. erysimi showed a maximum fecundity of 91.6 eggs per female at $20^{\circ}C$. In this study, we provided three temperature-dependent components for an oviposition model of L. erysimi: total fecundity, age-specific cumulative oviposition rate, and age-specific survival rate.

Keywords

Physiological age;Longevity;Weibull function;Oviposition rate;Survival rate

Acknowledgement

Supported by : RDA

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