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Control of Bemisia tabaci Genn. (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae) Adults on Tomato Plants using Trap Plants with Systemic Insecticide

트랩식물과 침투이행성 살충제를 이용한 토마토 담배가루이 성충 방제효과

  • Choi, Yong-Seok (Bioenvironmental Division, Chungcheongnam-do Agricultural Research & Extension Services) ;
  • Hwang, In-Su (Bioenvironmental Division, Chungcheongnam-do Agricultural Research & Extension Services) ;
  • Lee, Gyung-Joo (Bioenvironmental Division, Chungcheongnam-do Agricultural Research & Extension Services) ;
  • Kim, Gyung-Je (Fruit Vegetables Research Institute, Chungcheongnam-do Agricultural Research & Extension Services)
  • 최용석 (충청남도농업기술원 농업환경과) ;
  • 황인수 (충청남도농업기술원 농업환경과) ;
  • 이경주 (충청남도농업기술원 농업환경과) ;
  • 김경재 (충청남도농업기술원 과채연구소)
  • Received : 2016.02.14
  • Accepted : 2016.04.04
  • Published : 2016.06.01

Abstract

We investigated the control of Bemisia tabaci adults in tomato greenhouses using the eggplant as a trap plant with 4 systemic chemicals. The control effect of dinotefuran SG 50% on tobacco whitefly adults was 80% mortality, the highest than that cyantraniliprole, pyridaben and clothianidin, 51.0%, 12.4% and 11.0% respectively when all chemicals with recommended doses were used. Dinotefuran was applied at various doses and was observed to be most effective above 200ppm (88.4%)t. The control effect of dinotefuran lasted for appromimately nine 9 days and the density of tobacco whitefly adults increased there after. In field tests, the densities of tobacco whitefly adults on tomato shoots were highest at points 0, 15 and 20 m from the eggplant traps and lowest at 5 and 10 m. When the density of tobacco whitefly was low and the eggplants with dinotefuran SG 50% were placed in the tomato greenhouse at 10 m intervals, the overall density of tobacco whitefly adults was lower. In addition, densities were higher at the side of the greenhouse than in the interior and further away from the eggplant. When the density of tobacco whitefly was high and the eggplants with dinotefuran were placed at 5 m intervals, the density of tobacco whitefly at each 5 m point decreased. Theses results confirm that the eggplant is an effective trap plant for attracting tobacco whitefly audlts and combined with dinotefuran SG 50% decreases the density of tobacco whitefly in tomato greenhouses.

Keywords

Bemisia tabaci;Trap plant;Eggplant;Tomato;Systemic insecticide

Acknowledgement

Grant : 시설오이 해충의 천적중심 최적관리 모델개발

Supported by : 농촌진흥청

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