Correlation between critical thinking disposition and self-efficacy in dental hygiene students

일부 치위생 전공 대학생의 비판적 사고 성향과 자기 효능감과의 관련성

  • Kim, Young-Im (Department of Dental Hygiene, Vision College of Jeonju)
  • 김영임 (전주비전대학교 치위생과)
  • Received : 2016.04.12
  • Accepted : 2016.06.15
  • Published : 2016.06.30


Objectives: The purpose of the study was to investigate the correlation between critical thinking disposition and self-efficacy in dental hygiene students. Methods: This is a cross-sectional study. A self-reported questionnaire was completed by 486 dental hygiene students in for colleges Jellabukdo from March to June, 2016. The study instrument included general characteristics of the subjects, critical thinking disposition, and self-efficacy. The instrument for critical thinking disposition was adapted from Yoon and consisted of intellectual zeal/curiosity, prudence, self-confidence, systemicity, intellectual impartiality, sound skepticism, and objectivity. Each question was measured by Likert 5 point scale. Cronbach's alpha was 0.73 in the study. The instrument for self-efficacy was adapted from Kim and consisted of self-efficacy confidence, self-regulation efficacy, and task difficulty choice using Likert 5 point scale. Cronbach's alpha was 0.73 in the study. Results: The correlation between critical thinking disposition and details of each area showed a strong correlation. The strongest positive correlation in passion was 0.721 for curiosity and critical thinking disposition overall(p<0.01). Conclusions: It is necessary to develop the program for critical thinking disposition and self-efficacy in the dental hygiene students.


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