Nurse Attitude-Related Barriers to Effective Control of Cancer Pain among Iranian Nurses

  • Sadeghy, Adel (Medical-Surgical Department, Nursing and Midwifery Faculty, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences) ;
  • Mohamadian, Robab (Department of Nursing, Islamic Azad University) ;
  • Rahmani, Azad (Hematology and Oncology Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences) ;
  • Fizollah-zadeh, Hussein (Medical-Surgical Department, Nursing and Midwifery Faculty, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences) ;
  • Jabarzadeh, Franak (Medical-Surgical Department, Nursing and Midwifery Faculty, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences) ;
  • Azadi, Arman (Department of Nursing, Ilam University of Medical Sciences) ;
  • Rostami, Hussein (Community Health Nursing Department, Nursing Faculty, Maraghe University of Medical Sciences)
  • Published : 2016.06.01


Background: Many cancer patients still experience pain worldwide. There are many barriers for effective control of cancer pain and many of these are related to health care providers. There is a need for further investigation of these barriers. The aim of this study was to investigate nurse-related barriers to control of cancer pain among Iranian nurses. Materials and Methods: In this descriptive study 49 nurses from two hospitals affiliated to Tabriz and Ardebil Universities of Medical Sciences participated using a census sampling method. A demographic and profession related checklist and Barriers Questionnaire II (BQ-II) were used for data collection. Results: The results showed negative attitudes of participants regarding control of cancer pain. Participants believed that cancer pain medications do not manage cancer pain at acceptable levels; patients may become addicted by using these drugs; cancer pain medications have many uncontrollable effects; and controlling cancer pain may distract the physicians from treating disease. Conclusions: Iranian nurses have negative attitudes toward pain control in cancer patients especially about effectiveness of pain medication and their side effects. Educational intervention to reduce these misconceptions is needed.


Cancer;pain;cancer pain;nurses;barriers;attitude;Iran


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