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Implementation of Health Behavior Education Concerning Liver Flukes among Village Health Volunteers in an Epidemic Area of Thailand

  • Kaewpitoon, Soraya J (Parasitic Disease Research Unit, Suranaree University of Technology Hospital) ;
  • Rujirakul, Ratana (Parasitic Disease Research Unit, Suranaree University of Technology Hospital) ;
  • Wakkuwattapong, Parichart (Parasitic Disease Research Unit, Suranaree University of Technology Hospital) ;
  • Matrakool, Likit (School of Surgery, Suranaree University of Technology) ;
  • Tongtawee, Taweesak (School of Surgery, Suranaree University of Technology) ;
  • Norkaew, Jun (Faculty of Public Health, Vongchavalitkul University) ;
  • Kujapun, Jirawoot (Faculty of Public Health, Vongchavalitkul University) ;
  • Kampangsri, Wilas (Faculty of Medicine, Maha Sarakham University) ;
  • Kaewpitoon, Natthawut (Parasitic Disease Research Unit, Suranaree University of Technology Hospital)
  • Published : 2016.06.01

Abstract

Background: Liver fluke infection is associated with cholangiocarcinoma; the bile duct cancer found frequently in the northeast and north of Thailand. Prevention and control particularly requires health education and behavior change. Objective: This study aimed to improve health behavior among village health volunteers (VHV) regarding liver fluke exposure in an epidemic area. Materials and Methods: A quasi-experimental study was performed during July 2015 to January 2016 in Sang Kha district of Surin province, Thailand. A total of 67 VHVs underwent a health education program (HEP) and data were collected on knowledge, attitude, and practice (KAP) before and after participation for HEP 3 months with a pre-designed questionnaire. The Students paired T-test was used for comparisons of mean KAP levels before/after the intervention. Results: The results revealed that knowledge (P-value=0.004), attitude (P-value=0.004), and practice level (P-value=0.000) were significantly improved after participation in the HBP. Attitude was significantly associated with knowledge (r=0.266, p<0.05), and practice (r=0.348, p<0.01). Conclusions: The implementation of health education among VHVs is feasible and increases their KAP. This improvement should have potential in liver fluke prevention and control in local communities in rural Thailand.

Keywords

Implementation;health behavior;liver fluke;village health volunteer;Thailand

Acknowledgement

Supported by : Suranaree University of Technology (SUT)

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