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Climate Change and Psychological Adaptation: Psychological Response, Adaptation, and Prevention

기후변화와 심리적 적응: 심리적 반응, 적응, 예방

  • Received : 2016.05.25
  • Accepted : 2016.06.13
  • Published : 2016.06.30

Abstract

Global climate change is becoming one of the greatest challenges facing humanity. This article proposes a psychological perspective of climate change adaptation. Climate change-related severe adverse weather events may trigger mental health problems, including increased post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depression, anxiety, violence, and even suicide. Forced migration could be considered a coping method for dealing with weather events, but it may also pose a psychological threat. People respond to severe weather events in different ways based on their individual characteristics. Psychological risks from adverse weather events are mediated and moderated by these factors, which are influenced by personal cognition, affect, and motivation. Examinations from a psychological perspective, which have been neglected in the science of climate change thus far, may provide keys to successful adaptation and the prevention of serious psychological problems resulting from the experience of severe weather events. A new prevention strategy has been suggested for coping with climate threats through encouraging attitude change, establishing proactive support systems for vulnerable groups, establishing a PTSD network, and implementing a stress inoculation program.

Keywords

Climate change;Mental health;Psychological adaptation;Mitigation

Acknowledgement

Grant : 기후변화에 따른 건강영향평가.적응기술 및 정책지원 시스템 개발

Supported by : 한국환경정책.평가연구원

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