Calculation of Low-Energy Reactor Neutrino Spectra for Reactor Neutrino Experiments

  • Riyana, Eka Sapta (Department of Applied Quantum Physics and Nuclear Engineering, Kyushu University) ;
  • Suda, Shoya (Department of Applied Quantum Physics and Nuclear Engineering, Kyushu University) ;
  • Ishibashi, Kenji (Department of Applied Quantum Physics and Nuclear Engineering, Kyushu University) ;
  • Matsuura, Hideaki (Department of Applied Quantum Physics and Nuclear Engineering, Kyushu University) ;
  • Katakura, Jun-ichi (Department of Nuclear System Safety Engineering, Nagaoka University of Technology)
  • Received : 2015.07.17
  • Accepted : 2016.06.13
  • Published : 2016.06.30


Background: Nuclear reactors produce a great number of antielectron neutrinos mainly from beta-decay chains of fission products. Such neutrinos have energies mostly in MeV range. We are interested in neutrinos in a region of keV, since they may take part in special weak interactions. We calculate reactor antineutrino spectra especially in the low energy region. In this work we present neutrino spectrum from a typical pressurized water reactor (PWR) reactor core. Materials and Methods: To calculate neutrino spectra, we need information about all generated nuclides that emit neutrinos. They are mainly fission fragments, reaction products and trans-uranium nuclides that undergo negative beta decay. Information in relation to trans-uranium nuclide compositions and its evolution in time (burn-up process) were provided by a reactor code MVP-BURN. We used typical PWR parameter input for MVP-BURN code and assumed the reactor to be operated continuously for 1 year (12 months) in a steady thermal power (3.4 GWth). The PWR has three fuel compositions of 2.0, 3.5 and 4.1 wt% $^{235}U$ contents. For preliminary calculation we adopted a standard burn-up chain model provided by MVP-BURN. The chain model treated 21 heavy nuclides and 50 fission products. The MVB-BURN code utilized JENDL 3.3 as nuclear data library. Results and Discussion: We confirm that the antielectron neutrino flux in the low energy region increases with burn-up of nuclear fuel. The antielectron-neutrino spectrum in low energy region is influenced by beta emitter nuclides with low Q value in beta decay (e.g. $^{241}Pu$) which is influenced by burp-up level: Low energy antielectron-neutrino spectra or emission rates increase when beta emitters with low Q value in beta decay accumulate Conclusion: Our result shows the flux of low energy reactor neutrinos increases with burn-up of nuclear fuel.


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