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Comparative Depigmentation Effects of Resveratrol and Its Two Methyl Analogues in α-Melanocyte Stimulating Hormone-Triggered B16/F10 Murine Melanoma Cells

  • Yoon, Hoon-Seok (Department of Medicine, School of Medicine, Jeju National University) ;
  • Hyun, Chang-Gu (Department of Chemistry and Cosmetics, Jeju National University) ;
  • Lee, Nam-Ho (Department of Chemistry and Cosmetics, Jeju National University) ;
  • Park, Sung-Soo (Department of Food Science and Nutrition, Jeju National University) ;
  • Shin, Dong-Bum (Department of Food Science and Nutrition, Jeju National University)
  • Received : 2016.04.20
  • Accepted : 2016.05.03
  • Published : 2016.06.30

Abstract

Previous research showed that resveratrol (trans-3,4',5-trihydroxystilbene) and pinostilbene (trans-3-methoxy-4',5-dihydroxystilbene) were able to inhibit tyrosinase directly; however, anti-melanogenic effects of pterostilbene (trans-3,5-dimethoxy-4'-hydroxystilbene) and resveratrol trimethyl ether (RTE) have not been compared. To investigate the hypopigmentation effects of pterostilbene and RTE, melanin contents and intracellular tyrosinase activity were determined by western blot analysis. Firstly, pterostilbene showed the inhibitory effects on ${\alpha}$-melanocyte stimulating hormone (MSH)-induced melanin synthesis stronger than RTE, resveratrol, and arbutin. Pterostilbene inhibited melanin biosynthesis in a dose-dependent manner in ${\alpha}$-MSH-stimulated B16/F10 murine melanoma cells. Specifically, melanin content and intracellular tyrosinase activity were inhibited by 63% and 58%, respectively, in response to treatment with $10{\mu}m$ of pterostilbene. The results of western blot analysis indicated that pterostilbene induced downregulation of tyrosinase protein expression and suppression of ${\alpha}$-MSH-stimulated melan-A protein expression stronger than RTE or resveratrol. Based on these results, our study suggests that pterostilbene can induce hypopigmentation effects more effectively than resveratrol and RTE, and it functions via downregulation of protein expression associated with hyperpigmentation in ${\alpha}$-MSH-triggered B16/F10 murine melanoma cells.

Acknowledgement

Supported by : Jeju National University

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