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Occurrence of Weed Flora in Lycium chinense Upland Field of Minor Crop in Korea

소면적 재배작물 구기자밭에 발생하는 잡초현황

  • Lee, In-Yong (Crop Protection Division, National Institute of Agricultural Sciences, RDA) ;
  • Kim, Chang-Seok (Crop Protection Division, National Institute of Agricultural Sciences, RDA) ;
  • Lee, Jeongran (Crop Protection Division, National Institute of Agricultural Sciences, RDA) ;
  • Seo, Hyun-A (Crop Protection Division, National Institute of Agricultural Sciences, RDA) ;
  • Kwon, Bong-Jae (Crop Protection Division, National Institute of Agricultural Sciences, RDA) ;
  • Jang, Hyung-Mok (Muju Agricultural Technical Center)
  • 이인용 (국립농업과학원 작물보호과) ;
  • 김창석 (국립농업과학원 작물보호과) ;
  • 이정란 (국립농업과학원 작물보호과) ;
  • 서현아 (국립농업과학원 작물보호과) ;
  • 권봉재 (국립농업과학원 작물보호과) ;
  • 장형목 (무주군 농업기술센터)
  • Received : 2016.03.11
  • Accepted : 2016.05.30
  • Published : 2016.06.30

Abstract

Investigation on weed flora in Lycium chinense upland fields was conducted to understand the current status of weed flora and establish the control measures. Investigation was conducted twice, May and June on 2015. From this investigation, 91 species of 30 families including 27 exotics were identified into 36 species of annuals, 28 species of biennials and 27 species of perennials. Dominance was the highest with Portulaca loeracea followed by Digitaria ciliaris, Stellaria media, Oxalis corniculata, Acalypha australis, Chenopodium album, Cyperus iria etc. in order. Chenopodium album was the highest in importance analysis and the followings were in order of Conyza canadensis, Conyza bonariensis, Senecio vulgaris, Amaranthus lividus, Sonchus asper etc.

충남 청양, 전남 진도를 중심으로 구기자밭에 발생하는 문제잡초의 현황을 파악하고 잡초방제의 기초자료로 활용하기 위하여 2015년 5월과 6월에 본 조사를 실시하였다. 구기자밭에 발생하는 잡초는 30과 91초종으로 국화과 26종, 화본과 13종, 비름과 5종, 현삼과, 십자화과, 마디풀과, 두과는 각각 4종 등의 순이었다. 이들 잡초를 생활형으로 구분하면, 일년생 36종, 월년생 28종, 다년생 27종이었다. 우점잡초로는 쇠비름, 바랭이, 별꽃, 괭이밥, 깨풀, 흰명아주, 참방동사니, 냉이, 망초, 돌피 등이었다. 외래잡초는 27종으로 29.7%를 점유하고 있으며, 흰명아주, 망초, 큰망초, 개쑥갓, 개비름, 큰방가지똥, 유럽점나도나물, 소리쟁이, 미국가막사리, 붉은서나물 순으로 우점도가 높았다.

Keywords

Acknowledgement

Supported by : Rural Development Administration

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