DOI QR코드

DOI QR Code

The Current Status of Music Therapy Centered on 54 Hospice and Palliative Care Settings Designated by the Ministry of Health and Welfare in 2014

2014년 보건복지부 지정 54개 호스피스·완화의료 기관 내 음악치료 현황

  • Kim, Eun Jung (Hospice and Palliative Care Center, Korea University Guro Hospital) ;
  • Choi, Youn Seon (Department of Family Medicine, Korea University Guro Hospital) ;
  • Kim, Won-chul (Medical Social Services Team, Korea University Guro Hospital) ;
  • Kim, Kyung Suk (Graduate School, Hansei University)
  • 김은정 (고려대학교 구로 병원 호스피스.완화의료 센터) ;
  • 최윤선 (고려대학교 구로 병원 가정의학과) ;
  • 김원철 (고려대학교 구로 병원 의료사회사업팀) ;
  • 김경숙 (한세대학교 대학원 음악치료전공)
  • Received : 2016.01.30
  • Accepted : 2016.05.19
  • Published : 2016.05.30

Abstract

This study provides numerical data on the status of music therapy practices in 54 hospice and palliative care settings in Korea. Two different questionnaires for music therapists and coordinators were sent to 54 coordinators via email, and 47 (87%) hospitals and centers replied by email or post. The survey period was October 30 through December 5, 2014. Music therapists were asked to respond to 65 questionnaire items regarding working conditions, environment, session process, and personal competence. Coordinators were asked to complete 28 questionnaire items regarding the status of music therapy in their perspective setting. Twenty-two (46.8%) hospitals and centers were running music therapy programs with 28 music therapists, and 19 (67.9%) of these music therapists majored in music therapy. There was a significant difference between music therapists (M= 3.43, SD = 0.96) and coordinators (M= 2.73, SD = 0.77) regarding conditions and environment of music therapy sessions (p < .05). The circumstances and conditions for music therapy are inad quate for optimal implementation of music therapy practice. However, the perceived benefits of music therapy by coordinators suggest that music therapists do play an important role in hospice and palliative care. This research provides the first quantitative baseline data of music therapy status in hospice and palliative care settings in Korea.

References

  1. American Music Therapy Association. (2013). AMTA member survey and workforce analysis. Retrieved from http://www.musictherapy.org/assets/1/7/13WorkforceAnalysis.pdf
  2. American Music Therapy Association. (2015a). Scope of music therapy practice 2015. Retrieved from http://www.musictherapy.org/about/scope_of_music_therapy_practice/
  3. American Music Therapy Association. (2015b). Therapeutic music services at-a-glance. Retrieved from http://www.musictherapy.org/assets/1/7/TxMusicServicesAtAGlance_Glance_15.pdf
  4. Bercovitz, A., Sengupta, M., Jones, A., & Harris-Koje, L. D. (2010). Complementary and alternative therapies in hospice: The national home and hospice care survey: United States, 2007(No. 33). Hyattsville, MD: National Center for Health Statistics.
  5. Certification Board for Music Therapists (2015). The certification board for music therapists. Retrieved from http://www.cbmt.org/about-certification/
  6. Curtis, S. L. (1986). The effect of music on pain relief and relaxation of the terminally ill. Journal of Music Therapy, 23(1), 10-24. https://doi.org/10.1093/jmt/23.1.10
  7. Demmer, C. (2004). A survey of complementary therapy services provided by hospices. Journal of Palliative Medicine, 7(4), 510-516. https://doi.org/10.1089/jpm.2004.7.510
  8. Dimaio, L. (2010). Music therapy entrainment: A humanistic music therapist’s perspective of using music therapy entrainment with hospice clients experiencing pain. Music Therapy Perspectives, 28(2), 106-115. https://doi.org/10.1093/mtp/28.2.106
  9. Gordon, M., & Clements, C. A. (2013). Music at the end of life. Bringing comfort and saying goodbye through song and story. Annals of Long-Term Care: Clinical Care and Aging, 21(11), 24-29.
  10. Gutgsell, K. J., Schluchter, M., Margevicius, S., DeGolia, P. A., McLaughlin, B., Harris, M., ... & Wiencek, C. (2013). Music therapy reduces pain in palliative care patients: A randomized controlled trial. Journal of Pain and Symptom Management, 45(5), 822-831. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpainsymman.2012.05.008
  11. Hilliard, R. E. (2005). Hospice and palliative care music therapy: A guide to program development and clinical care. National Hospice & Palliative Care Organization.
  12. Hospice and Palliative Care. (2015). Utilization rate of hospice and palliative care service. Retrieved from http://hospice.cancer.go.kr/home/contentsInfo.do?menu_no=443&brd_mgrno=
  13. Kang, J. A., Shin, D. W., Hwang, E. J., Kim, H. Y., Ahn, S. H., & Yoo, Y. S. (2009). Hospice education among hospice professionals and its regional variations in Korea: Outcomes from a 2008 hospice palliative care institutions support project. Korean Journal of Hospice and Palliative Care, 12(3), 132-138.
  14. Kim, E. J., & Kim, K. S. (2014). Research on the effect of music therapy on mood state of cancer patients. Korean Journal of Music Therapy, 16(2), 1-20. https://doi.org/10.21330/kjmt.2014.16.1.1
  15. Kim, M. Y. (2014). Recognition of terminal status of cancer patients in hospice palliative units and their family's (Unpublished master's thesis). Ewha Womans University, Seoul, Korea.
  16. Kim, Y. L. (2009). A case study of song psychotherapy for 'Joy, anger, sorrow and pleasure' life review of the terminal cancer patients (Unpublished master's thesis). Sungshin Womans University, Seoul, Korea.
  17. Kubler, R. (1974). Questions and answers on death and dying: A companion volume to on death and dying. New York: MacMillan Publishing Company.
  18. Kyung, M. H., Jang, Y. M., Han, K. H., & Yun, Y. H. (2010). Current status and activation plan of hospice palliative care in Korea-based on hospice palliative care facilities survey. Korean Journal of Hospice and Palliative Care, 13(3), 143-152.
  19. Lee, K. S., Joo, J. S., Kim, J. H., & Kim, K. Y. (2008). Current status and challenge of hospice palliative care in Korea. The Korean Journal of Hospice and Palliative Care, 11(4), 196-205.
  20. Magill, L. (2001). The use of music therapy to address the suffering in advanced cancer pain. Journal of Palliative Care, 17(3), 167-172.
  21. Minnesota House of Representatives. (2014). Minnesota statutes 2006(214.002). Retrieved from http://www.house.leg.state.mn.us/comm/docs/MusicTherapistQuestionnaireResponse.pdf
  22. National Hospice and Pallative Care Organization. (2012). NHPCO facts and figures: Hospice care in America. Retrieved from http://www.nhpco.org/sites/defult/files/public/Statistics_Research/2012_Facts_Figures.pdf
  23. National Hospice and Pallative Care Organization. (2015). Hospice: A historical perspective. Retrieved from http://www.nhpco.org/history-hospice-care
  24. O’Callaghan, C. (2001). Bringing music to life: A study of music therapy and palliative care experiences in a cancer hospital. Journal of Palliative Care, 17(3), 155-160.
  25. Shin, H. H. (2006). A study on hospice and palliative care in criminal law (Unpublished doctoral dissertation). Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea.
  26. Yoon, M. Y. (2014). A study on the present condition of qualification procedures of music therapist in Korea and the comparison with qualification procedures in other countries (Unpublished master's thesis). Sungshin Womans University, Seoul, Korea.
  27. Yun, Y. H., Choi, E. S., Lee, I. J., Rhee, Y. S., Lee, J. S., You, C. H., ... & Paek, Y. J. (2002). Survey on the quality of hospice.palliative care programs in Korea. The Korean Journal of Hospice and Palliative Care, 5(1), 31-42.