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A fundamental study on the ventilation analysis method for the network-type tunnel - focused on the none hardy-cross method

네트워크형 터널의 환기해석 방법에 대한 기초연구-비 Hardy-Cross 방법을 중심으로

  • Received : 2016.04.12
  • Accepted : 2016.05.02
  • Published : 2016.05.31

Abstract

Recently, various forms of diverging sections in tunnels have been designed as the demand for underground passageway in urban areas increases. Therefore, the complexity of the ventilation system in tunnels with diverging sections requires a ventilation analysis method different from the conventional method for the straight tunnels. None of the domestic and foreign tunnel ventilation design standards specifies the method for the ventilation network analysis, and the numerical analysis methods have been most widely used. This paper aims at reviewing the ventilation network analytical method applicable as the design standard. The proposed method is based on the characteristic equations rather than the numerical analysis. Thanks to the advantages of easy application, the Hardy-Cross method has been widely applied in the fields of mine ventilation and tunnel ventilation. However, limitations with the cutting errors in the Taylor series expansion and the convergence problem mainly caused by the mesh selection algorithm have been reported. Therefore, this paper examines the applicability of the ventilation analysis method for network-type tunnels with the gradient method that can analyze flow rate and pressure simultaneously without the configuration of mesh. A simple ventilation analysis method for network-type tunnels is proposed.

Acknowledgement

Grant : 고수압 초장대 해저터널 기술자립을 위한 핵심요소 기술개발

Supported by : 국토교통과학기술진흥원

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