Mothers' Experience of Treatment Services for Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

ADHD 아동을 둔 어머니들의 ADHD 치료 및 서비스 경험에 관한 연구

  • Received : 2016.04.28
  • Accepted : 2016.05.19
  • Published : 2016.05.31


The purpose of this study was to explore the perceptions in treatments and experiences of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorders (ADHD) for mothers parenting a child with ADHD. Using Giorgi's 4 stages, this study investigated the meaning of ADHD treatments for mothers. Data were collected from December 2014 to February 2015 for 3 months with a sample of 13 mothers of children with ADHD via in-depth interviews. Collected data was analyzed using an interpretative phenomenological approach. Dominant issues identified were: I (mother) need to be changed for my child; Through mothers' experiences of lack of self-determination about a child with ADHD, they realized ignorance, chaos, and anxiety. While they experience multiple negative feeling, there is a positive change with unresolved issues. The findings highlight the correct awareness of ADHD and incorporated therapies for mothers and children with ADHD to improve treatment retention. Also, specialized services would be developed for mothers to promote their positive attitude to life, which is vital to cultivating the correct self-awareness.


Treatment services for children with ADHD;Phenomenological approach;Incorporated therapy


Supported by : 한국연구재단


  1. 김도연, 2003, "주의력결핍과잉행동장애 아동에 대한 인지행동놀이치료, 부모훈련 병합치료의 효과". 이화여대 박사학위논문.
  2. 김세실.안동현.이양희. 1998. "주의력결핍/ 과다활동장애(ADHD) 아동에 대한 약물-부모훈련 병합치료의 효과". 신경정신의학. 37(4): 683-699.
  3. 김진희. 2006. "동기강화 부모행동훈련이 ADHD 아동과 부모에게 미치는 영향". 계명대학교 석사학위논문.
  4. 김형숙. 2007. "근거이론을 이용한 ADHD 아동 양육 경험". 가족과 문화. 19(4): 193-222.
  5. 민현경. 2008. "부모교육 프로그램이 ADHD 아동의 문제행동과 어머니의 양육태도, 양육 스트레스 및 정신건강에 미치는 효과". 단국대 석사학위논문.
  6. 백윤진. 2012. "인지행동적 게임놀이-부모교육 프로그램이 ADHD성향 아동의 실행기능, 자기조절, 문제행동과 부모의 양육스트레스에 미치는 효과". 덕성여대 석사학위논문.
  7. 신민섭.오경자.홍강의. 1995. "주의력결핍 과잉활동 장애 아동에서 약물 단독 치료와 부모 훈련 병합치료의 효과 비교". 소아.청소년정신의학. 6(4): 65-73.
  8. 신연희. 2010. "아동의 주의력결핍 과잉행동장애(ADHD) 증상, 어머니의 양육스트레스와 양육행동, 아동의 사회적 유능감 및 자기 유능감의 간의 구조적 관계 분석". 계명대학교 박사학위논문.
  9. 양돈규 변명숙 역. 라라 호노스 웹 지음. 2008. ADHD 아동의 재능. 시그마프레스.
  10. 이수경. 2007. "ADHD 아동의 문제행동 개선을 위한 인지행동 미술치료와 부모 교육의 병합치료 사례". 영남대 석사학위논문.
  11. 이혜경. 2007. "여성정신장애인의 모성경험에 관한 연구". 이화여대 박사학위논문.
  12. 임자성. 2011. "주의력결핍과잉행동장애(ADHD) 아동의 정서지능 향상 프로그램의 효과-정서적 양육기술 부모교육 병합치료 효과를 중심으로-". 성신여대 박사학위논문.
  13. 조은정. 2008. "ADHD 아동 어머니의 스트레스 대처 단계에 기반을 둔 부모훈련과 아동 훈련의 효과". 전남대 박사학위논문.
  14. 최말옥. 2012. "강점관점으로 본 ADHD 아동 어머니의 양육 경험에 관한 연구". 한국사회복지학. 64(1): 325-355.
  15. 통계청. 2011.
  16. 건강심사평가원. 2012년 보도자료.
  17. Al-Yagon, M., Fawcett, A. J., Jiménez, J. E., Lucangeki, D., Sholapurwala, R., and Tressoldi, P. E. 2013. "The proposed changes for DSM-5 for SLD and ADHD: International perspectives-Australia, Germany, Greece, India, Israel, Italy, Spain, United Kingdom, and United States". Journal of Learning Disabilities. 46(1): 58-72.
  18. Bussing, R., Zima, B. T., Mason, D. M., Meyer, J. M., White, K., and Garvan, C. W. 2012. "ADHD knowledge, perceptions, and information sources: Perspectives from a community sample of adolescents and their parents". Journal of Adolescent Health 51: 593-600.
  19. Carolyn Webster-Stratton. 2011. "Combining parent and child training for young children with ADHD". Journal of Clinical Adolescent Psychology. 40(2): 191-203.
  20. Cheryl, Y. C. So., Patrick W.L. Leung, and Se-Fong Hung. 2008. "Treatment effectiveness of combined medication /behavioural treatment with chinese ADHD children in routine practice". Behaviour Research and Therapy. 46: 983-992.
  21. Chronis, A. M., Jones, H. A. and Raggi, V. L. 2006. "Evidence-based psychosocial treatments for children and adolescents with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder". Clinical Psychology Review. 26: 486-502.
  22. De BOO, G. M and Prins, P. J. M. 2006. "Social incompetence in children with ADHD: Possible moderators and mediators in social-skills training". Clinical Psychology Review. 27: 78-97.
  23. Furman, R. A. 2002. "Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: An alternative viewpoint. Journal of Infant", Child and Adolescent Psychotherapy 2: 125-144.
  24. Hoffman, M. T. 2011. "A discrete choice conjoint experiment to evaluate parent preferences for treatment of young, medication native children with ADHD". Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology. 40(4): 546-561.
  25. Jenkins, E. B., Mary, M., Newcorn, J., Bannon, W., and LAraque, D. 2012. "Parent medication concerns predict underutilization of mental health services for minority children with ADHD". Clinical Pediatrics. 51(1): 65-76.
  26. Larson, J. J., Yoon, Y. Stewart, M, and Dosreis, S. 2011. "Influence of caregiver's experiences on service use among children with attention- deficit hyperactivity disorder". Psychiatric Services. Psychiatryonline. org. 62(7): 734-739.
  27. Lehmann, C. U., Conner, K. G and Cox, J. M. 2004. "Preventing provider errors: Online parenteral nutrition calculator". Pediatrics. 113(4): 748-753.
  28. Leslie, L. K., and Wolraich, M. L. 2007. "ADHD service use patterns in youth". Journal of Pediatric Psychology. 32: 695-710.
  29. Lincoln, Y. S. and Guba, E. G. 1985. Naturalistic inquiry. Beverly Hills, CA:Sage Publications.
  30. Stein, B. D. 1999. "Ritalin is not the Answer: A Drug-Free, Practical Program for Children Diagnosed with ADD or ADHD". San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
  31. Stein, B. D., Klein, G. R., Greenhouse, J. B., and Kogan, J. N. 2012. "Treatment of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder: Patterns of evolving care during the firsttreatment episode". Psychiatric Services. Psychiatryonline. org. 63(2): 122-129.
  32. Swift, J. K., & Callahan, J. L. 2009. The impact of client treatment preferences on outcome: A meta-analysis. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 65(4): 1-14.
  33. Toomey, S. L., Sox, C. M., Rusinak, D., and Finkelstein, J. A. 2012. "Why do children with ADHD discontinue their medication?". Clinical Pediatrics. 51(8): 763-769.
  34. Uekermann, J., Kraemer, M., Abdel-Hamid, M., Schimmelmann, B. G., and Hebebrand, J. 2010. "Social conition in attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder". Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews. 34: 734-743.
  35. Van Brunt, K., Matza, L. S., Classi, P. M., and Johnston, J. A. 2011. "Preferences related to attention-deficit / hyperactivity disorder and its treatment". Patient Preference and Adherence. 1(5): 33-43.
  36. Pescosolido, B. A., Jensen, P. S., and Martin, J. K. 2008. "Public knowledge and assessment of child mental health problems: Findings from the national stigma study-children". Journal of American Academy Child Adolescent Psychiatry. 47: 339-349.