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Dosimetric Comparison between Intensity Modulated Radiotherapy and 3 Dimensional Conformal Radiotherapy in the Treatment of Rectal Cancer

  • Simson, David K (Department of Radiation Oncology, Action Cancer Hospital) ;
  • Mitra, Swarupa (Department of Radiation Oncology, Action Cancer Hospital) ;
  • Ahlawat, Parveen (Department of Radiation Oncology, Action Cancer Hospital) ;
  • Sharma, Manoj Kumar (Department of Radiation Oncology, Action Cancer Hospital) ;
  • Yadav, Girigesh (Department of Radiation Oncology, Action Cancer Hospital) ;
  • Mishra, Manindra Bhushan (Department of Radiation Oncology, Action Cancer Hospital)
  • Published : 2016.11.01

Abstract

Objective: To compare dosimetric parameters of 3 dimensional conformal radiotherapy (3 DCRT) and intensity modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) in terms of target coverage and doses to organs at risk (OAR) in the management of rectal carcinoma. Methods: In this prospective study, conducted between August 2014 and March 2016, all patients underwent CT simulation along with a bladder protocol and target contouring according to the Radiation Therapy Oncology Group (RTOG) guidelines. Two plans were made for each patient (3 DCRT and IMRT) for comparison of target coverage and OAR. Result: A total of 43 patients were recruited into this study. While there were no significant differences in mean Planning Target Volume (PTV) D95% and mean PTV D98% between 3 DCRT and IMRT, mean PTV D2% and mean PTV D50% were significantly higher in 3 DCRT plans. Compared to IMRT, 3 DCRT resulted in significantly higher volumes of hot spots, lower volumes of cold spots, and higher doses to the entire OAR. Conclusion: This study demonstrated that IMRT achieves superior normal tissue avoidance (bladder and bowel) compared to 3 DCRT, with comparable target dose coverage.

Keywords

3 DCRT;IMRT;rectal cancer;small bowel avoidance;urinary bladder avoidance

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