- Volume 17 Issue 11
DOI QR Code
Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of Chewing Gutka, Areca Nut, Snuff and Tobacco Smoking Among the Young Population in the Northern India Population
- Goyal, Gaurav (Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Genesis Institute Of Dental Sciences and Research) ;
- Bhagawati, Basavaraj T (Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Genesis Institute Of Dental Sciences and Research)
- Published : 2016.11.01
Objective: The objective of the study was to determine the Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of chewing gutka,areca nut, snuff and tobacco smoking among the young population in the Northern India Population between the age of 15 to 22 years. Methods: The study was approved by the ethical committee. A total of 10 school and colleges located in the rural and urban areas was selected. A total of 1500 young individuals aged between 15 to 22 years were selected. A self-administered questionnaire was designed comprised of 14 closed ended questions about Knowledge, Attitude and Practice towards consumption of areca nut, gutka and tobacco smoking that were filled by the participants. Descriptive statistics were obtained and mean, standard deviation, frequency and percentages were calculated. Data was analyzed by using SPSS. Result: A total of 1050 out of 1500 students responded to the questionnaire. A total of 227 subjects agreed that they are consuming the tobacco. Out of this, 196 (86.34%) were boys and 31 (13.65%) were girls who agreed in consumption of tobacco product. Out of 196, 150 boys (76.5%) practices the habit of smoking 1 -5 times a day and 46 (23.4% ) practice the habit of chewing areca nut and gutkha 1 - 5 times a day. Out of 31 girls, 25 girls (80.6%) practices the habit of smoking 1 -5 times a day and 6 (19.4%) practice the habit of chewing areca nut and gutkha 1 - 5 times a day. Out of 740 subjects, 530 were boys and 210 girls have full knowledge of deleterious long term effects of tobacco consumption. Conclusion:The present study concluded that young population of North India lack Knowledge, Attitude and Practice regarding consumption of areca nut, gutka and tobacco smoking. Here is an urgent need to take effective steps, especially on launching community awareness programs for the school children and public to educate them about the consequences of tobacco use, and on assessing their effectiveness in curbing the problem.
Areca nut;awareness;chewing habits;cigarette smoking-gutka;school children;tobacco smoking
- Chadda RK, Sengupta SN (2003). Tobacco use by Indian adolescents. Tob Induc Dis , 1, 8. https://doi.org/10.1186/1617-9625-1-8
- Dere K, Choudhary P, Bhaskar V, Ganesh M (2014). Prevalence and characteristics of chewing habits of areca nut, gutka and tobacco among school children of rural areas in and around Ghandinagar District, Gujarat. JoAOR, 5, 20-6.
- Ebbert JO, Rowland LC, Montori V, et al (2003). Treatments for spit tobacco use: a quantitative systematic review. Addiction, 98, 569-83. https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1360-0443.2003.00378.x
- Gavarasana S, Doddi VP, Prasad GV, Allam A, Murthy BS (1991). A smoking survey of college students in India: Implications for designing an antismoking policy. Jpn J Cancer Res, 82, 142-45. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1349-7006.1991.tb01821.x
- Gupta D, Nagar P, Karim B, et al (2014).Tobacco abuse amongst the school going students of 15 to 18 Years of Almora district, uttarakhand: a cross Sectional Study. Oral Health Dent Manag, 13, 680-6.
- Kapoor SK, Anand K, Kumar G (1995). Prevalence of tobacco use among school and college going adolescents of Haryana. Indian J Pediatr, 62, 461-66. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02755068
- Khan Z (2012). An overview of oral cancer in indian subcontinent and recommendations to decrease its incidence. WebmedCentral Cancer, 3,WMC003626.
- Kyrlesi A, Soteriades ES, Warren CW, et al (2007). Tobacco use among students 13-15 years in Greece: the GYTS project. BMC Public Health, 7, 3. https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2458-7-3
- Murray CJ, Lopez AD (1996). The global burden of disease: A comprehensive assessment of mortality and disability from diseases, injuries and risk factors in 1990 and projected to 2020. Harvard School of Public Health: Cambridge, Massachussets.
- Nair DR, Pruthy R, Pawar U, Chaturvedi P (2012). Oral cancer: Premalignant conditions and screening: An update. J Cancer Res Ther, 8, 57-66. https://doi.org/10.4103/0973-1482.95175
- Nelson BS, Heischober B (1990). Betel nut: a common drug used by naturalized citizens from India, Far East, and the South Pacific Islands. Ann Emerg Med, 34, 238.
- Patel DR (1999). Smoking and children. Indian J Pediatr, 66, 817-24. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02723844
- Qureshi A, Dawani N, Shaikh A (2013). Areca nut consumption patterns among primary school children of Karachi. J Dow Univ Health, 7, 25-9
- Sankaranarayanan R, Masuyer E, Swaminathan R, Ferlay J, Whelan S (1998). Head and neck cancer: a global perspective on Epidemiology and prognosis. Anticancer Res, 18, 4779-86.
- Shah S, Qureshi R, Azam I (2008). Practices and knowledge of schoolchildren regarding chaaliya/pan masala in Mahmoudabad and Chanesar Goth, Karachi. J Pak Med Assoc, 58, 78-83.
- Singh V, Gupta R (2006). Prevalence of tobacco use and awareness of risks among school children in Jaipur. J Assoc Physicians India, 54, 609-12.
- Tseng CH (2008). Betel nut chewing is associated with hypertension in Taiwanese type 2 diabetic patients. Hypertens Res, 31, 417-23. https://doi.org/10.1291/hypres.31.417
- Vaidya SG (2002). Young tobacco users. World Health, 48, 30-35.
- Warnakulasuriya S (2002). Areca use following migration and its consequences. Addict Biol, 7, 127-32. https://doi.org/10.1080/13556210120091491