DOI QR코드

DOI QR Code

Changes in the Distribution of Cancer Incidence in Nepal from 2003 to 2013

  • Poudel, Krishna Kanta (Bhaktapur cancer hospital) ;
  • Huang, Zhibi (Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Guangxi Medical University) ;
  • Neupane, Prakash Raj (B P Koirala Memorial Cancer Hospital) ;
  • Steel, Roberta (Cavendish Square Wellington New Zealand)
  • Published : 2016.10.01

Abstract

Background: Cancer incidence data are vital for cancer control planning in any nation. This retrospective study was conducted to compare the cancer incidence of all sites between the first cancer registry report and the most recent example in Nepal. Material and Methods: The cases in the first (2003) and latest (2013) national cancer registry reports, accumulated by all the hospital based cancer registries in Nepal were taken for the research. The frequencies, crude incidences and age specific incidences (per 100,000) of the five major cancers were calculated for both males and females. Result: The most common cancer type for males in both years 2003 and 2013 was lung. Stomach was the third most common cancer in 2003 while it was the second in 2013. Similarly, the first four major cancers (cervix, breast, lung and ovary) did not change between 2003 and 2013 in females. The total cancer incidence rate increased from 12.8 in 2003 to 30.4 per 100,000 in 2013 for males and from 15.1 to 33.3 in females. Conclusion: The most common cancers in males in 2003 and 2013 were the bronchus and lung. Similarly, the most common cancer in females was cervix at both time points. The cancer incidence rate in females was higher than in males both in 2003 and 2013.

Keywords

Cancer;incidence;sites;sex;age;Nepal

References

  1. Torre LA, Bray F, Siegel RL, et al (2015). Cancer Statistics. Cancer J Clin, 65, 87-108. https://doi.org/10.3322/caac.21262
  2. WHO Cancer Fact sheet No.297.World Health Organization (February 2015). http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs297/en/ Retrieved on 13-01-2016.
  3. World Health Organisation (2010). International statistical classification of disease and related health problems, 10th revision, volume 2.
  4. National Cancer Registry Programme Report of Hospital Based National Cancer Registry 2003.
  5. National Cancer Registry Programme Report of Hospital Based National Cancer Registry 2013
  6. Thapa B, Singh Y, Sayami P, et al (2013). Breast cancer in young women from a low risk population in Nepal. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev, 14, 5095-9. https://doi.org/10.7314/APJCP.2013.14.9.5095
  7. Bhatt CR, Sharan K, Ninan J, et al (2009). Cancer Treatment by Radiotherapy in Western Nepal: A hospital based study. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev, 10, 205-8.
  8. Binu VS, Chandrashekhar TS, Subba SH, et al (2007). Cancer pattern in western Nepal: A hospital based retrospective study. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev, 8, 183-6.
  9. Binu VS, Subba SH, Menezes RG, et al (2010). Smoking among Nepali Youth - Prevalence and Predictors. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev, 11, 221-26.
  10. Hashibe M, Siwakoti B, Wei M, et al (2010). Socioeconomic status and lung cancer risk in Nepal. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev, 11, 1083-8.
  11. Johnson DC, Bhatta MP, Gurung S, et al (2014). Knowledge and awareness of human papillomavirus (HPV), cervical cancer and HPV vaccine among women in two distinct Nepali communities. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev, 15, 8287-93. https://doi.org/10.7314/APJCP.2014.15.19.8287
  12. Kandel BP, Singh Y (2013). Gastric cancer perforation: experience from a tertiary care hospital. J Nepal Med Assoc, 52, 489-93.
  13. Khatiwada P, Kayastha SR, Panta P, et al (2012). Understanding of tobacco and lung cancer among medical students in Kathmandu University School of Medical Sciences (KUSMS). Kathmandu Univ Med J, 10, 60-5.
  14. Miftahussurur M, Sharma RP, Shrestha PK, et al (2015). Helicobacter pylori infection and gastric mucosal atrophy in two ethnic groups in Nepal. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev, 16, 7911-6. https://doi.org/10.7314/APJCP.2015.16.17.7911
  15. Nagamma T, Baxi J, Singh PP (2014). Status of oxidative stress and antioxidant levels in smokers with breast cancer from western Nepal. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev, 15, 9467-70. https://doi.org/10.7314/APJCP.2014.15.21.9467
  16. Population Monograph of Nepal.(volume I, Population Dynamics),2014.Government of Nepal, National Planning Commission Secretariat, Central Bureau of Statistics.
  17. Poudel KK, Huang ZB, Neupane PR (2016). Trend of cancer incidence in Nepal from 2003 to 2012. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev, 17, 2171-75. https://doi.org/10.7314/APJCP.2016.17.4.2171
  18. Poudel KK, Huang ZB, Neupane PR (2016). Age specific incidence of five major cancers in Nepal, 2012. Nepal J of Epidemiol, 6, 565-73. https://doi.org/10.3126/nje.v6i2.15163
  19. Pradhananga KK, Baral M, Shrestha BM (2009). Multiinstitution hospital-based cancer incidence data for Nepal: an initial report. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev, 10, 259-62.
  20. Pun CB, Pradhananga KK, Siwakoti B, et al (2015). Malignant neoplasm burden in Nepal- Data from the seven major cancer service hospitals for 2012. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev, 16, 8659-63.
  21. Ranabhat S, Tiwari M, Dhungana G, Shrestha R (2014). Association of knowledge, attitude and demographic variables with cervical Pap smear practice in Nepal. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev, 15, 8905-10. https://doi.org/10.7314/APJCP.2014.15.20.8905
  22. Raspanti GA, Hashibe M, Siwakoti B, et al (2015). Ethnic variation in consumption of traditional tobacco products and lung cancer risk in Nepal. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev, 16, 5721-26. https://doi.org/10.7314/APJCP.2015.16.14.5721
  23. Raspanti GA, Hashibe M, Siwakoti B, et al (2016). Household air pollution and lung cancer risk among never smokers in Nepal. Environmental Res, 147, 141-45. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envres.2016.02.008
  24. Sathian B, Fazil A, Sreedharan J, et al (2013). Statistical modelling and forecasting of cervix cancer cases in radiation oncology treatment: a hospital based study from western Nepal. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev, 14, 2097-100. https://doi.org/10.7314/APJCP.2013.14.3.2097
  25. Sathian B, Nagaraja SB, Banerjee I, et al (2014). Awareness of breast cancer warning signs and screening methods amongfemale residents of Pokhara valley, Nepal. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev, 15, 4723-6. https://doi.org/10.7314/APJCP.2014.15.11.4723
  26. Sherpa ATL, Clifford GM, Vaccarella S, et al (2010). Human papillomavirus infection in women with and without cervical cancer in Nepal. Cancer Causes Control, 21, 323-30. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10552-009-9467-z
  27. Shrestha K (2012). Breast cancer knowledge and screening practice among women visited to KIST medical college. Nepal Med Coll J, 14, 308-11.
  28. Singh Y, Shah A, Singh M, et al (2010). Human Papilloma virus vaccination in Nepal: an initial experience. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev, 11, 615-17.
  29. Tara S, Agrawal CS, Agrawal A (2008). Validating breast self-examination as screening modalities for breast cancer in eastern region of Nepal: a population based study. Kathmandu Uni Med J, 6, 89-93.
  30. Thanpari C, Yadav NK, Takhelmayum R, et al (2014). Evaluation of CA-125 and other biochemical parameters in premenopausal and postmenopausal women with ovarian cancer: a hospital based study from western Nepal. Asian Pac J Trop Dis, 4, 717-19. https://doi.org/10.1016/S2222-1808(14)60713-1