- Volume 17 Issue 9
Spiritual Care for Cancer Patients in Iran
- Memaryan, Nadereh (Community Medicine, Center of Excellence in psychiatry, School of Behavioral Sciences and Mental Health, Iran University of Medical Science) ;
- Jolfaei, Atefeh Ghanbari (Department of Psychiatry, School of Behavioral Sciences and Mental Health, Iran University of Medical Science) ;
- Ghaempanah, Zeinab (The office of Islamic studies in Mental Health, School of Behavioral Sciences and Mental Health, Iran University of Medical Science) ;
- Shirvani, Armin (School of Medical Education, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Office of Healthcare Standards and Clinical Guidelines, Ministry of Health) ;
- Vand, Hoda Doos Ali (Department of Clinical Psychology, School of Behavioral Sciences and Mental Health, Iran University of Medical Science) ;
- Ghahari, Shahrbanoo (Department of Mental Health, School of Behavioral Sciences and Mental Health, Iran University of Medical Science) ;
- Bolhari, Jafar (Department of Psychiatry, School of Behavioral Sciences and Mental Health, Iran University of Medical Science)
- Published : 2016.09.01
Background: Studies have shown that a return to spirituality is a major coping response in cancer patients so that therapists can adopt a holistic approach by addressing spirituality in their patient care. The present study was conducted to develop a guideline in the spiritual field for healthcare providers who serve cancer patients in Iran. Materials and Methods: Relevant statements were extracted from scientific documents that through study questions were reviewed and modified by a consensus panel. Results: The statements were arranged in six areas, including spiritual needs assessment, spiritual care candidates, the main components of spiritual care, spiritual care providers, the settings of spiritual care and the resources and facilities for spiritual care. Conclusions: In addition to the development and preparation of these guidelines, health policy-makers should also seek to motivate and train health service providers to offer these services and facilitate their provision and help with widespread implementation.
Grant : developing a clinical guideline for the spiritual care of cancer patients
Supported by : Iran University of Medical Sciences
- Aghahosseini SS, Rahmani A, Abdollahzadeh F, et al (2012). The relation between awareness of cancer diagnosis and spiritual health among cancer patients. J Car Sci, 1, 67.
- Akbari ME, Kashani FL, Ahangari G, et al (2015). The effects of spiritual intervention and changes in dopamine receptor gene expression in breast cancer patients. Breast Cancer, 1-8.
- Akbari M, Mohammadi G, Vosoogh-Moghaddam A, et al(2015). National health guidelines in I.R of iran, an innovative approach for developing countries. Iran J Cancer Prev, 8, 77-83.
- Allahbakhshian M, Jafarpour M, Parvizi S (2011). Spiritual well-being of patients with multiple sclerosis. Iranian J Nurs Midwifery Res, 16, 202-6.
- Bolhari J, NAZIRI G, Zamanian S (2012). Effectiveness of spritual group therapy in reducing depression, anxiety, and stress of women with breast cancer. Sociol Women, 3, 85-115.
- Candy B, Jones L, Varagunam M, et al (2012). Spiritual and religious interventions for well-being of adults in the terminal phase of disease. Cochrane Database Systematic Rev, 5, 7544.
- Caplan LS, Sawyer P, Holt C, Allman RM (2013). Religiosity and function among community-dwelling older adult survivors of cancer. J Relig, Spirituality Aging, 25, 311-25. https://doi.org/10.1080/15528030.2013.787575
- Cheraghi MA, Payne S, Salsali M (2005). Spiritual aspects of end-of-life care for Muslim patients: experiences from Iran. Int J Palliative Nurs, 11, 468-74. https://doi.org/10.12968/ijpn.2005.11.9.19781
- Delgado-Guay MO, Hui D, Parsons HA, Govan K, et al (2011) Spirituality, religiosity, and spiritual pain in advanced cancer patients. J Pain Symptom Management, 41, 986-94. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpainsymman.2010.09.017
- D'Souza R (2007).The importance of spirituality in medicine and its application to clinical practice. Med J Australia, 186, 57-9.
- Ebrahimi A, Neshatdoost HT, Mousavi SG, et al (2013). Controlled randomized clinical trial of spirituality integrated psychotherapy, cognitive-behavioral therapy and medication intervention on depressive symptoms and dysfunctional attitudes in patients with dysthymic disorder. Advanced Biomedical Res, 2, 53. https://doi.org/10.4103/2277-9175.114201
- Fallah R, Golzari M, Dastani M, et al (2011). Integrating spirituality into a group psychotherapy program for women surviving from breast cancer. Iranian J Cancer Prev, 4, 141.
- Ghahari S, Fallah R, Bolhari J, et al (2012). Effectiveness of cognitive-behavioral and spiritual-religious interventions on reducing anxiety and depression of women with breast cancer. Knowledge Res Applied Psychol, 13, 33-40.
- Government TS (2009). spiritual care and chaplaincy. In: Directorate HPaS, editor. The Scottish Government, Edinburgh.
- Group Acgw. (2013). Spiritual care:Nation-wide guideline. Nederland.
- Saffari M, Pakpour AH, Naderi MK, et al (2013). Spiritual coping, religiosity and quality of life: a study on Muslim patients undergoing haemodialysis. Nephrol. 18, 269-75. https://doi.org/10.1111/nep.12041
- Jafari N, Farajzadegan Z, Zamani A, et al (2013). Spiritual therapy to improve the spiritual well-being of Iranian women with breast cancer: a randomized controlled trial. Evidence-based complementary and alternative medicine: eCAM.353262.
- Jafari N, Farajzadegan Z, Loghmani A, et al (2014) Spiritual well-being and quality of life of Iranian adults with type 2 diabetes. Evidence-based complementary and alternative medicine. eCAM, 619028.
- Hatamipour K, Rassouli M, Yaghmaie F, et al (2015). Spiritual needs of cancer patients: A qualitative study. Indian J Palliative Care, 2, 61.
- Karimollahi M, Rostamnejad M, Abedi H (2009). Spiritual needs of Iranian cancer patients. European Psychiatry, 24, 931. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0924-9338(09)71164-2
- Lepherd L.(2015). Spirituality: Everyone has it, but what is it? International JNurs Practice, 21, 566-74. https://doi.org/10.1111/ijn.12285
- McCord G, Gilchrist VJ, Grossman SD, et al (2004). Discussing spirituality with patients: a rational and ethical approach. Ann Family Med, 2, 356-61. https://doi.org/10.1370/afm.71
- Ministry H. National Health Guidelines (2013). Tehran, Iran: shahid beheshti university of medical sciences.
- Memaryan N (2014). How to take spiritual history? Tehran: sepidbarg publishing.
- Moeini M, Ghasemi TM, Yousefi H, et al (2012). The effect of spiritual care on spiritual health of patients with cardiac ischemia. Iranian J Nurs Midwifery Res, 17, 195-9.
- Moghimian M, Salmani F (2012). The study of correlation between spiritual well-being and hope in cancer patients referring to seyyedo shohada training-therapy center of isfahan university of medical sciences, 2010, Isfahan. Qom University Med Sciences J, 6.
- Mennasab M, Moattari M, Abbaszade A, et al (2012) Spirituality in survivors of myocardial infarction. Iranian J Nursing Midwifery Res, 17, 343-51.
- Musarezaie A, Moeini M, Taleghani F,et al (2013). spiritual care program affect levels of depression in patients with Leukemia? A randomized clinical trial. J Educ Health Promot, 3, 96-100.
- Nakau M, Imanishi J, Imanishi, et al (2013). Spiritual care of cancer patients by integrated medicine in urban green space: a pilot study. Explore, 9, 87-90. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.explore.2012.12.002
- NICE N. (2004). Improving supportive and palliative care for adults with cancer In: service C. London E, editor.
- Peteet JR, Balboni MJ (2013). Spirituality and religion in oncology. CA Cancer J Clin, 63, 280-9. https://doi.org/10.3322/caac.21187
- Phelps AC, Lauderdale KE, Alcorn S, et al (2012). Addressing spirituality within the care of patients at the end of life: perspectives of patients with advanced cancer, oncologists, and oncology nurses. J Clin Oncol, 30, 2538-44. https://doi.org/10.1200/JCO.2011.40.3766
- Puchalski C, Ferrell B, Virani R, et al (2009). Improving the quality of spiritual care as a dimension of palliative care: the report of the Consensus Conference. J Palliative Med, 12, 885-904. https://doi.org/10.1089/jpm.2009.0142
- Puchalski CM (2010). Formal and informal spiritual assessment. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev, 11, 51-55
- Puchalski CM (2013). Integrating spirituality into patient care: an essential element of personcentered care. Polskie Archiwum Medycyny Wewnetrznej, 123, 491-7.
- Rahnama M, Khoshknab MF, Maddah SS, Ahmadi F. (2012). Iranian cancer patients' perception of spirituality: a qualitative content analysis study. BMC Nurs, 11, 19. https://doi.org/10.1186/1472-6955-11-19
- Rashid YA, Ghafoor ZA, Masood N, et al (2012).Psychosocial impact of cancer on adult patients. J Pakistan Med Associat, 62, 905-9.
- Sinclair S, Bouchal SR, Chochinov H, et al (2012). Spiritual care: how to do it. BMJ Supportive Palliative Care, 2, 319-27. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjspcare-2011-000191