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Effectiveness of Acceptance and Commitment Therapy on Life Expectancy of Female Cancer Patients at Tehran's Dehshpour Institute in 2015

  • Ghasemi, Farahnaz (Department of Counseling, Kermanshah Branch, Islamic Azad University) ;
  • Dehghan, Fateme (Department of Psychiatry, Substance abuse prevention Research Center, Farabi Hospital, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences) ;
  • Farnia, Vahid (Department of Psychiatry, Substance abuse prevention Research Center, Farabi Hospital, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences) ;
  • Tatari, Faeze (Department of Psychiatry, Substance abuse prevention Research Center, Farabi Hospital, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences) ;
  • Alikhani, Mostafa (Department of Psychiatry, Substance abuse prevention Research Center, Farabi Hospital, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences)
  • Published : 2016.08.01

Abstract

Background: Acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) increases the psychological flexibility of people afflicted with cancer, and consequently improves their adaptability. The present research was conducted with the aim of determining the effectiveness of ACT for people afflicted with cancer. Materials and Methods: The present research was of semi-pilot type with a pre-test and post-test plan for the proof group. The demographics of the community were composed of all the women with cancer who were under treatment in Tehran's Dehshpour therapeutic center in 2015. The sample was composed of 24 people who were selected as available and chosen randomly in two groups of test and proof. All the participants responded to Snyder questionnaire in two pre-test and post-test stages, and the test group participated in treatment sessions after conducting the pre-test. Results: After collecting the information, data analysis was conducted in two description and inferential levels. The test results of covariance analysis showed that the two groups' hope was meaningfully different. Hope in the test group, compared to the proof group, increased meaningfully. Conclusions: The results show that the ACT is effective in increasing hope of patients with cancer.

Keywords

Hope;breast cancer;acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT)

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