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Clinico-Hematological Findings for Classical Hodgkin's Lymphoma: an Institutional Experience

  • Sultan, Sadia (Department of Hematology & Blood bank, Liaquat National Hospital and Medical College) ;
  • Irfan, Syed Mohammed (Department of Hematology & Blood bank, Liaquat National Hospital and Medical College) ;
  • Parveen, Saira (Department of Hematology & Blood bank, Liaquat National Hospital and Medical College) ;
  • Ali, Saif (Liaquat National Medical College)
  • Published : 2016.08.01

Abstract

Background: Classical Hodgkin's lymphoma (cHL) is a B-cell lymphoid neoplasm characterized by a distinctive biological behavior with potentially curable disease characteristics. It is an uncommon hematological malignancy which primarily affects younger individuals. The rationale of this study was to determine its clinico-hematological profile along with stage stratification in Pakistani patients. Materials and Methods: In this descriptive study, adult patients with Hodgkin's lymphoma were enrolled from January 2010 to December 2014. Results: Sixty two histopathologically confirmed cases of cHL were identified. There were 42 males and 20 females, with a male to female ratio of 2: 1. The mean age was $29.7{\pm}13.8$ years with the median age of 30 years. B symptoms were present in 72.5% of patients. Histopathologically, the mixed cellularity type constituted 62.9% of cases, followed by nodular sclerosis in 25.8%, lymphocyte predominant in 9.6% and lymphocyte depleted in 1.6%. Stages I and II were present in 43.5% of patients at disease presentation, with 56.4% in stages III and IV. Conclusions: Our analysis shows that clinico-pathological features of Hodgkin's lymphoma in Pakistan are comparable to published data. Mixed cellularity is the commonest histological variant and advanced stage at presentation are common findings in our patients.

Keywords

Hodgkin's lymphoma;staging;histopathology;Pakistan

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