DOI QR코드

DOI QR Code

Prevalence of Cigarette Smoking Usage among Adolescent Students in Northern Saudi Arabia

  • Algorinees, Rakan Mosa (College of Medicine, University of Hail, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA)) ;
  • Alreshidi, Ibrahim Ghazy Kiran (College of Medicine, University of Hail, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA)) ;
  • Alateeq, Mohammed Fahad Mohammed (College of Medicine, University of Hail, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA)) ;
  • Alghuraymi, Abdullah Abdulaziz Salem (College of Medicine, University of Hail, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA)) ;
  • Alfayez, Adel Ahmed Abdulrahman (College of Medicine, University of Hail, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA)) ;
  • Almuzaini, Fahad khaled Fahad (College of Medicine, University of Hail, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA)) ;
  • Alsaif, Mohammed Abdulaziz Brahim (College of Medicine, University of Hail, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA)) ;
  • Ahmed, Hussain Gadelkarim (College of Medicine, University of Hail, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA))
  • Published : 2016.08.01

Abstract

Background: Cigarette smoking is a major public health issue in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA) in recent years, particularly among adolescents. Therefore, the aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of cigarette smoking usage among adolescent students in the north of the country. Materials and Methods: This was a cross-sectional study investigated 305 adolescent students from the Northern KSA population, their ages ranging from 11 to 19 years old. Results: Of the 287 respondents, 56/287(19.5%) were found to be current smokers. Of the 56 current smokers, 14/52 (27%), 29/52 (55.8%), and 9/52 (17.2%) smoked 1-3, 4-10 and 11+cigarettes/day, respectively. For duration most had smoked for 26-36 months. Conclusions: The findings of the present study indicate that cigarette smoking use is still an important risk behavior among adolescent students. The findings of this study found a significant association of cigarette smoking usage and adolescents various believes and attitude for initiation of smoking and perception toward knowledge of other factors that contribute to the burden of tobacco use.

Keywords

Cigarette smoking;saudi arabia;adolescent

References

  1. Ahmed HG (2013). Survey on knowledge and attitudes related to the relation between tobacco, alcohol abuse and cancer in the Northern State of Sudan. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev, 14, 3345-8. https://doi.org/10.7314/APJCP.2013.14.5.3345
  2. Al Nohair SF (2011). Prevalence of smoking and its related behaviors and beliefs among secondary school students in riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Int J Health Sci, 5, 51-7.
  3. Al-Mohamed HI, Amin TT (2010). Pattern and prevalence of smoking among students at King Faisal University, Al Hassa, Saudi Arabia. East Mediterr Health J, 6, 56-64.
  4. Alshammari FD, Khalifa AM, Kosba AA, et al (2015). Assessment of perception of medical students in regard to links between tobacco or alcohol use and cancer. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev, 16, 2697-700. https://doi.org/10.7314/APJCP.2015.16.7.2697
  5. Bassiony MM (2009). Smoking in Saudi Arabia. Saudi Med J, 30, 876-81.
  6. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) (2005). State-specific prevalence of cigarette smoking and quitting among adults-United States, 2004. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep, 54, 1124-7.
  7. Huong le T, Vu NT, Dung NN, Xuan le TT, et al (2016). Cigarette smoking among adolescents aged 13-15 in Viet Nam and correlates of current cigarette smoking: results from GYTS 2014 data. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev, 17 (Suppl1), 17-23.
  8. Huong NT, Kien NT, Giang KB, et al (2016). Knowledge and attitude towards tobacco smoking among 13-15 year-old school children in Viet Nam - findings from GYTS 2014. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev, 17, 37-42.
  9. Kaleta D, Usidame B, Dziankowska-Zaborszczyk E, et al (2015). Socioeconomic disparities in age of initiation and ever tobacco smoking: findings from romania. Cent Eur J Public Health, 23 (Suppl1), 299-305. https://doi.org/10.21101/cejph.a4067
  10. Laaksonen M, Rahkonen O, Karvonen S, et al (2005). Socioeconomic status and smoking: analysing inequalities with multiple indicators. Eur J Public Health, 15, 262-9. https://doi.org/10.1093/eurpub/cki115
  11. Lam NT, Nga PT, Minh HV, et al (2016). Trends in second-hand tobacco smoke exposure levels at home among Viet Nam school children aged 13-15 and associated factors. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev, 17 (Suppl1), 43-7.
  12. Minh HV, Minh HV, Giang KB, et al (2016). Access to antismoking information among school children and its potential impact on preventing smoking initiation: results from the global youth tobacco use survey (GYTS) 2014 in Viet Nam. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev, 17, 31-6. https://doi.org/10.7314/APJCP.2016.17.S1.31
  13. National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion (US) Office on Smoking and Health. Atlanta (GA): Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (US) (2012). Preventing Tobacco Use among Youth and Young Adults: A Report of the Surgeon General. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK99243/. Accessed 15 Jun 2015.
  14. Office of the Surgeon General (2004). National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion (U.S.) The health consequences of smoking a report of the Surgeon General. [Atlanta, Ga.]: U.S. Public Health Service, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion. http://www.surgeongeneral.gov/library/smokingconsequences (accessed Jun 2011).
  15. Tanski SE, Prokhorov AV, Klein JD (2004). Youth and tobacco (2004). Minerva Pediatr, 56, 553-65.
  16. Tiwari RV, Megalamanegowdru J, Gupta A, et al (2014). Knowledge, attitude and practice of tobacco use and its impact on oral health status of 12 and 15 year-old school children of Chhattisgarh, India. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev, 15, 10129-35.
  17. WHO (2006). Together for tobacco free Hajj 2006 (1426 Hegira). Religion and tobacco; Cited 2006. Retrieved: 04 May '2011 available from: http://www.emro.who.int/tfi/TobaccofreeMecca_Medina.htm
  18. Wipfli H, Samet JM (2009). Global economic and health benefits of tobacco control: part 1. Clin Pharmacol Ther, 86, 263-71. https://doi.org/10.1038/clpt.2009.93
  19. World Health Organization (1998). Guidelines for controlling and monitoring the tobacco epidemic. Geneva: WHO. Available from: http://apps.who.int/bookorders/anglais/detart1.jsp?codlan=1&codcol=15&codcch=468
  20. Zaborskis A, Sirvyte D (2015). Familial determinants of current smoking among adolescents of Lithuania: a cross-sectional survey 2014. BMC Public Health, 15, 889. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-015-2230-3