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Investigating Sexual Function and Affecting Factors in Women with Breast Cancer in Iran

  • Shandiz, Fatemeh Homaee (Cancer Research Center, Department of Radiotherapy, Ghaem Hospital, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences) ;
  • Karimi, Fatemeh Zahra (Student Research Committee, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences) ;
  • Rahimi, Nafiseh (Nursing, Birjand University of Medical Sciences) ;
  • Abdolahi, Mahboubeh (Biostatistics, Faculty of Medical Sciences, Tarbiat Modares University) ;
  • Anbaran, Zahra Khosravi (Student Research Committee, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences) ;
  • Ghasemi, Mina (Student Research Committee, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences) ;
  • Mazlom, Seyed Reza (Evidence-Based Care Research Center, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences) ;
  • Kheirabadi, Aghileh Nasaghchi (Student Research Committee, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences)
  • Published : 2016.07.01

Abstract

Background: Since the breast is strongly relevant to sexual desire, and physical and sexual attractiveness, the high prevalence of breast cancer (BC) in Iran and long-term survival of patients experiencing side effects means that measures to identify associated sexual problems are necessary. Therefore, this study was conducted to assess sexual function and affecting factors in women with BC. Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study was performed on 94 women with BC, referred to Imam Reza (AS) Hospital, Mashhad, Iran, in 2014. The data were collected through demographic and clinical questionnaires and also a sexual function questionnaire and analyzed using SPSS version 16. Results: The total score of women's sexual function was about $24.3{\pm}4.41$. Of the total, 63 (71.3%) reported sexual dysfunction, for example reduced satisfaction or more pain. Age was the only significantly related factor. Conclusions: Breast cancer can adversely affect women's sexual function and decrease quality of life. Thus, taking measures to overcome women's sexual problems are necessary.

Keywords

Sexual function;women;breast cancer;Iran

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