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Effects of Application of Social Marketing Theory and the Health Belief Model in Promoting Cervical Cancer Screening among Targeted Women in Sisaket Province, Thailand

  • Wichachai, Suparp (Sanglao Sub-district Health Promoting Hospital, Kanthararom District) ;
  • Songserm, Nopparat (Department of Health Promotion, Faculty of Public Health, Ubon Ratchathani Rajabhat University) ;
  • Akakul, Theerawut (Department of Educational Research and Evaluation, Faculty of Education, Ubon Ratchathani Rajabhat University) ;
  • Kuasiri, Chanapong (Department of Health Promotion, Faculty of Public Health, Ubon Ratchathani Rajabhat University)
  • Published : 2016.07.01

Abstract

Cervical cancer is a major public health problem in Thailand, being ranked second only to breast cancer. Thai women have been reported to have a low rate of cervical cancer screening (27.7% of the 80% goal of WHO). We therefore aimed to apply the social marketing theory and health belief model in promoting cervical cancer screening in Kanthararom District, Sisaket Province. A total of 92 from 974 targeted women aged 30-60 years were randomly divided into two groups. The experimental group underwent application of social marketing theory and a health belief model program promoting cervical cancer screening while the control group received normal services. Two research tools were used: (1) application of social marketing theory and health belief model program and (2) questionnaire used to evaluate perceptions of cervical cancer. Descriptive and inferential statistics including paired sample t-test and independent t-test were used to analyze the data. After the program had been used, the mean score of perception of cervical cancer of experimental group was at a higher level (${\bar{x}}=4.09$; S.D.=0.30), than in the control group (${\bar{x}}=3.82$; S.D.=0.20) with statistical significance (p<0.001). This research demonstrated an appropriate communication process in behavioral modification to prevent cervical cancer. It can be recommended that this program featuring social marketing and the health belief model be used to promote cervical cancer screening in targeted women and it can be promoted as a guideline for other health services, especially in health promotion and disease prevention.

Keywords

Social marketing theory;health belief model;cervical cancer screening;Thailand

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