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Reasons and Motivations for Cigarette Smoking and Barriers against Quitting Among a Sample of Young People in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia

  • Baig, Mukhtiar (Department of Clinical Biochemistry/Medical Education, Faculty of Medicine, Rabigh, King Abdul Aziz University) ;
  • Bakarman, Marwan A (Department of Community and Family Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Rabigh, King Abdul Aziz University) ;
  • Gazzaz, Zohair J (Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Rabigh, King Abdul Aziz University) ;
  • Khabaz, Mohamad N (Department of Pathology, Faculty of Medicine, Rabigh, King Abdul Aziz University) ;
  • Ahmed, Tahir J (Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Rabigh, King Abdul Aziz University) ;
  • Qureshi, Imtiaz A (Department of Pathology, Faculty of Medicine, Rabigh, King Abdul Aziz University) ;
  • Hussain, Muhammad B (Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Medicine, Rabigh, King Abdul Aziz University) ;
  • Alzahrani, Ali H (Faculty of Medicine, Rabigh, King Abdul Aziz University) ;
  • Al-Shehri, Ali A (Faculty of Medicine, Rabigh, King Abdul Aziz University) ;
  • Basendwah, Mohammad A (Faculty of Medicine, Rabigh, King Abdul Aziz University) ;
  • Altherwi, Fahd B (Faculty of Medicine, Rabigh, King Abdul Aziz University) ;
  • Al-Shehri, Fahd M (Faculty of Medicine, Rabigh, King Abdul Aziz University)
  • Published : 2016.07.01

Abstract

Background: Cigarette smoking is one of the leading causes of death in the world. Tobacco consumption has grave negative consequences for health so that it is important to understand the reasons and motivations towards cigarette smoking and barriers against quitting smoking among the young generation for developing effective policies to control this widespread problem. Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional survey was carried out at the Faculty of Medicine, Rabigh, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. A total of 438 young smokers participated from the University and the general population. Data were collected through anonymous, self-administered questionnaires in the Arabic language that contained questions about the reasons and motivations towards cigarette smoking and barriers against quitting smoking. The questionnaire also contained several questions regarding knowledge and attitude of the participants towards cigarette smoking. The data was analyzed on SPSS-16. Results: The mean age of the respondents was $22.9{\pm}3.48$, out of 438 subjects 87 (19.9%) were married, and 351 (80.1%) were unmarried, and 331 (75.6%) belonged to urban areas while 107 (24.5%) were from the rural areas. Responding to a question about a number of cigarettes smoked per day, 31% answered 11-20, 29% answered 21-30, and 25% answered 1-10. Questioned about smokers in the family, 34.5% responded more than one, with 19% for brother and 13% for father. About the reasons for not quitting smoking, 26% described lack of willpower, 25% had no reason, 22% said that people around me smoke, and 15.3% responded stress at home/work. The major motivation for smokers was smoker friends (42%), for 33.8% others, for 12% father/brother and 7.8% media. Conclusions: There are several avoidable and preventable reasons and barriers against quitting smoking. However, knowledge and attitude about smoking were good, and the majority of the smokers were well aware of the associated hazards. Therefore, there is a need to search out ways and means to help them to quit this addiction.

Keywords

Cigarette smoking;university students;motivations;knowledge;attitude;Saudi Arabia

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