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Oxaliplatin, 5-Fluorouracil and Leucovorin (FOLFOX-4) as First Line Chemotherapy in Elderly Patients with Advanced Gastric Cancer

  • Haghighi, Shirin (Department of Oncology, Gastroenterology and Liver Disease Research Center) ;
  • Kasbkar, Hadi (School of Medicine, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences) ;
  • Esmaeilpour, Keihan (School of Medicine, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences) ;
  • Yasaei, Mehrdad (School of Medicine, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences)
  • Published : 2016.07.01

Abstract

Background: Gastric cancer is considered the fourth most common cancer and second most common cause of cancer-related mortalities worldwide. Gastric cancer develops more frequently among elderly. The oxaliplatin/5FU/leucovorin (FOLFOX) regimen has shown a notable activity against gastric cancer. Aim: To evaluate the responses and complications of FOLFOX-4 regimen as first line chemotherapy in elderly patients with advanced gastric cancer. Materials and Methods: From October 2014 to November 2015, a total of 21 patients with metastatic or local AGC (advanced gastric cancer) were analyzed. All patients were administered a FOLFOX-4 regimen consisting of a 2h infusion of oxaliplatin $85mg/m^2$ (day 1), continuous infusion of $1000mg/m^2$ 5-Fu in 24h., and leucovorin $200mg/m^2$ in 2h infusion as a first-line chemotherapy. Results: A total of 18 patients were assessable for efficacy and toxicity. One of 18 patients achieved a complete response, and 12 had partial responses, giving an overall response rate of 72.6%. Three (16%) patients demonstrated stable disease and 2 (12%) progression. The median progression free survival was 7.3 months, and the median overall survival was 11.9 months. One patient had grade 3 neuropathy. No other grade 3 or 4 NCI-CTC were seen. Conclusions: The FOLFOX-4 regimen used in our study was both active and acceptable for AGC in elderly patients as neoadjuvant and main therapy.

Keywords

Stomach neoplasms;folfox protocol;antineoplastic combined chemotherapy protocols/therapeutic use

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