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Financial Burden of Cancer Drug Treatment in Lebanon

  • Elias, Fadia (Ministry of Public Health) ;
  • Khuri, Fadlo R (Emory University School of Medicine) ;
  • Adib, Salim M (American University of Beirut, Faculty of Health Sciences) ;
  • Karam, Rita (Lebanese University, Faculty of Medical Sciences) ;
  • Harb, Hilda (Ministry of Public Health) ;
  • Awar, May (American University of Beirut, Office of Grants & Contracts) ;
  • Zalloua, Pierre (Lebanese American University, School of Medicine) ;
  • Ammar, Walid (Ministry of Public Health)
  • Published : 2016.07.01

Abstract

Background: The Ministry of Public Health (MOPH) in Lebanon provides cancer drugs free of charge for uninsured patients who account for more than half the total case-load. Other categories of cancer care are subsidized under more stringent eligibility criteria. MOPH's large database offers an excellent opportunity to analyze the cost of cancer treatment in Lebanon. Materials and Methods: Using utilization and spending data accumulated at MOPH during 2008-2013, the cost to the public budget of cancer drugs was assessed per case and per drug type. Results: The average annual cost of cancer drugs was 6,475$ per patient. Total cancer drug costs were highest for breast cancer, followed by chronic myeloid leukemia (CML), colorectal cancer, lung cancer, and Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL), which together represented 74% of total MOPH cancer drug expenditure. The annual average cancer drug cost per case was highest for CML ($31,037), followed by NHL ($11,566). Trastuzumab represented 26% and Imatinib 15% of total MOPH cancer drug expenditure over six years. Conclusions: Sustained increase in cancer drug cost threatens the sustainability of MOPH coverage, so crucial for socially vulnerable citizens. To enhance the bargaining position with pharmaceutical firms for drug cost containment in a small market like Lebanon, drug price comparisons with neighboring countries which have already obtained lower prices may succeed in lowering drug costs.

Keywords

Middle-East;middle income countries;antineoplastic drugs;health expenditures;equitable access

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