Effects of Group Training Based on the Health Belief Model on Knowledge and Behavior Regarding the Pap Smear Test in Iranian Women: a Quasi-Experimental Study

  • Shobeiri, Fatemeh (Mother and Child Care Research Center) ;
  • Javad, Masoumeh Taravati (M.Sc. of Counseling in Midwifery, Student Research Center, School of Nursing and Midwifery) ;
  • Parsa, Parisa (Chronic Disease Research Center) ;
  • Roshanaei, Ghodratollah (Department of Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences)
  • Published : 2016.06.01

Abstract

The Pap smear test is recommended for early diagnosis of cervical cancer. The aim of this study was to assess knowledge and behavior regarding the Pap smear test based on the Health Belief Model (HBM) in women referred to premarital counseling classes, Hamadan, Iran. This quasi-experimental study was conducted on 330 women, who were allocated randomly to two case and control groups (n=165). Two educational session classes were performed in the case group. Two stages in before and after intervention groups were evaluated. Analysis of data was performed by SPSS/16.0, using t-test, $x^2$, and McNemar's test. P-values <0.05 were regarded as significant. There was no significant difference between the mean scores of the various structures of this model in two groups before the intervention. However, after the intervention there were significant increase in mean score of knowledge and all variables of HBM in the intervention group(P<0.001). The findings of this study highlight the important role of education about cervical cancer on changing women's beliefs about cervical screening.

Keywords

Knowledge;cervical cancer screening;Health Belief Model;Pap smears;Iran

Acknowledgement

Supported by : Hamadan University of Medical Sciences

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