Knowledge of the General Community in Cordoba, Argentina, on Human Papilloma Virus Infection and its Prevention

  • Venezuela, Raul Fernando (Calle Enfermera Gordillo Gomez, Ciudad Universitaria, Cordoba Capital) ;
  • Monetti, Marina Soledad (Calle Enfermera Gordillo Gomez, Ciudad Universitaria, Cordoba Capital) ;
  • Kiguen, Ana Ximena (Calle Enfermera Gordillo Gomez, Ciudad Universitaria, Cordoba Capital) ;
  • Frutos, Maria Celia (Calle Enfermera Gordillo Gomez, Ciudad Universitaria, Cordoba Capital) ;
  • Mosmann, Jessica Paola (Calle Enfermera Gordillo Gomez, Ciudad Universitaria, Cordoba Capital) ;
  • Cuffini, Cecilia Gabriela (Calle Enfermera Gordillo Gomez, Ciudad Universitaria, Cordoba Capital)
  • Published : 2016.05.01


Background: Most studies of human papilloma virus (HPV) are aimed at the natural history of the infection and its relation to cancer; however, there are few studies to assess knowledge of the general population. Our aim was analyze the degree of knowledge of Argentinians about HPV infection and its prevention. Materials and Methods: We conducted a voluntary, anonymous and non-binding survey with 27 multiple-choice items, in twelve private and public establishments, selected to include a broad population in terms of education, age and gender. The survey consisted of three sections: individual characteristics of the volunteer, HPV infection basic knowledge, its prevention and the virus relationship with other cancers. Results: One thousand two hundred ninety seven volunteers aged 18 to 80 participated. The total number of correct answers was 45.1%. The correct answers for relationship HPV and cervical cancer was 62.1%. Almost 55% did not know about types of HPV that the vaccines for protection. Statistical analysis showed that women, single people, workers, the better educated, those who have had a STDs or HPV and receiving information through medical or educational establishments had greater knowledge of the topic. Only 0.2% of participants answered all questions correctly. Conclusions: Knowledge plays an important role in health care and the deficiency found in our population could influence the success of the measures taken in the fight against cervical cancer. In this regard, we believe it would be appropriate, not only to emphasize early diagnosis and vaccine implementation, but also incorporate new communication strategies, facilitating reception of accurate and precise information by all strata of society.


HPV;knowledge;education;prevention;general populace;Cordoba;Argentina


  1. Abudukadeer A, Azam S, Mutailipu A, et al (2015). Knowledge and attitude of Uyghur women in Xinjiang province of China related to the prevention and early detection of cervical cancer. World J Surg Oncol, 13, 110.
  2. Akanbi O, Iyanda A, Osundare F, et al (2015). Perceptions of nigerian women about human papilloma virus, cervical cancer, and HPV Vaccine. Scientifica, 1-4.
  3. Asgary R, Alcabes A, Feldman R, et al (2015). Human papillomavirus knowledge and attitude among homeless women of New York city shelters. Women's Health Issues: 25, 727-31.
  4. Asiaf A, Ahmad S, Mohammad, et al (2014). Review of the current knowledge on the epidemiology, pathogenesis, and prevention of human papillomavirus infection. Eur J Cancer Prev, 23, 206-24.
  5. Baseman J, Koutsky L (2005). The epidemiology of human papillomavirus infections. J Clin Virol, 32, 1, 16-24.
  6. Bosch F, Broker T, Forman D, et al (2014). Comprehensive control of human papillomavirus infections and related diseases. Vaccine, 31, 11-31.
  7. Di Rienzo J, Casanoves F, Balzarini M (2014). InfoStat version 2014. Grupo InfoStat, FCA, Universidad Nacional de Cordoba, Argentina. URL
  8. Doorbar J, Quint W, Banks L, (2012). The biology and life-cycle of human papillomaviruses. Vaccine, 30, 55-70.
  9. Doshi D, Reddy B, Karunakar P, et al (2015). HPV, cervical cancer and pap test related knowledge among a sample of female dental students in India. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev, 16, 5415-20.
  10. Eriksen M, Mackay J, Ross H (2012).The Tobacco Atlas. Fourth Ed. Atlanta, GA: American Cancer Society; New York, NY: World Lung Foundation, 16-38
  11. Holcomb B, Bailey J, Crawford K, et al (2004). Adults' knowledge and behaviors related to human papillomavirus infection. J Am Board Fam Pract, 17, 26-31.
  12. Holway G (2015). Vaginal and oral sex initiation timing: a focus on gender and race/ethnicity. Int J Sex Health, 27, 351-67.
  13. IARC (2012). GLOBOCAN: Estimated cancer incidence, mortality and prevalence worldwide in 2012 [Online].
  14. Katz M, Krieger J, Roberto A (2011). Human papillomavirus (HPV): college male's knowledge, perceived risk, sources of information, vaccine barriers and communication. J Mens Health, 8, 175-84.
  15. Kwang N, Yee C, Shan L, et al (2014). Knowledge, perception and attitude towards human papillomavirus among preuniversity students in Malaysia. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev, 15, 9117-23.
  16. Maier C, Maier T, Neagu C, (2015). Romanian adolescents' knowledge and attitudes towards human papillomavirus infection and prophylactic vaccination. Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol, 195, 77-82.
  17. Martinelli M, Zappa A, Bianchi S, et al (2012). Human papillomavirus (HPV) infection and genotype frequency in the oral mucosa of newborns in Milan, Italy. Clin Microbiol Infect, 18, 16-8.
  18. Martinez G, Troconis J (2014). Natural history of the infection for human papillomavirus: an actualization. Invest Clin, 55, 82-91.
  19. Moreira E, Oliveira B, Ferraz F, et al (2006). Knowledge and attitudes about human papillomavirus, Pap smears, and cervical cancer among young women in Brazil: implications for health education and prevention. Int J Gynecol Cancer, 16, 599-603.
  20. Nyitray A, Lin H, Fulp J, et al (2014). The role of monogamy and duration of heterosexual relationships in human papillomavirus transmission. J Infect Dis, 209, 1007-15.
  21. Remez L (2000). Oral sex among adolescents: is it sex or is it abstinence? Fam Plann Perspect, 32, 298-304
  22. Winer R, Hughes J, Feng Q, et al (2006). Condom use and the risk of genital human papillomavirus infection in young women. N Engl J Med, 354, 2645-54.
  23. Yilmazel G, Duman N. (2014). Knowledge, attitudes and beliefs about cervical cancer and human papilloma virus vaccination with related factors in Turkish university students. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev, 15, 3699-704.
  24. Zouheir Y, Daouam S, Hamdi S, et al (2015). knowledge of human papillomavirus and acceptability to vaccinate in adolescents and young adults of moroccan population. J Pediatr Adolesc Gynecol, 15 1083-3188