DOI QR코드

DOI QR Code

Distribution of High Risk Human Papillomavirus Types in Western Kazakhstan - Retrospective Analysis of PCR Data

  • Bekmukhambetov, YZ (West Kazakhstan State Medical University Named after Marat Ospanov) ;
  • Balmagambetova, SK (West Kazakhstan State Medical University Named after Marat Ospanov) ;
  • Jarkenov, TA (West Kazakhstan State Medical University Named after Marat Ospanov) ;
  • Nurtayeva, SM (Oncology, Nazarbayev University) ;
  • Mukashev, TZ (Russian-Kazakh Joint Venture "Olympus" Laboratories Network) ;
  • Koyshybaev, AK (West Kazakhstan State Medical University Named after Marat Ospanov)
  • Published : 2016.05.01

Abstract

Background: Virtually all cases of cervical cancer are caused by persistent infections with a restricted set of human papillomaviruses (HPV). Cancer of the cervix is the third or even the second most common cancer in women worldwide, more than 85% of the cases occurring in developing countries, such as China and India, including the Republic of Kazakhstan. The purpose was to determine the HPV type distribution to evaluate efficacy of vaccination and adjust cancer prevention strategy in Western Kazakhstan in the future. Materials and Methods: A retrospective analysis was conducted of data obtained from PCR laboratories in 4 regional centers for the time period covering 12 months, 2013-2014, using AmpliSens$^{(R)}$ Real-Time PCR kits for HPV testing of 12 genotypes (16, 18, 31, 33, 35, 39, 45, 51, 52, 56, 58, and 59). Results: A total of 1,661 persons were HPV tested within 2013-14, but a proprotion examined for 16 and 18 genotypes only (563) was not been included for statistic analysis of distribution and ratio of the most common genotypes. Males accounted for only a small number (N=90 in total). Conclusions: Total number of the HPV-positive appeared to be 26.0%, or 286 of N=1098. Types distribution was as follows: type 16 (10.7%), 39 (5.83%), 51 (5.27%), 31 (4.85%), 56 (4.58%), 18 (3.61%), 59 (2.64%), 58 (2.22%), 35 (1.94%), 33 (1.25%). Overall the HPV infection was highest in 16-29 years old (62.4%) and decreased with age. Total prevalence of the HR-HPVs amongst male population was 21.4% with top five types 16, 18, 39, 51, 31. Trends forcorrelations between Aktau site and type 33 (Cramer's V 0.2029), between Caucasian ethnicity and type 33 (Cramer's V .1716), and between European ethnicities in Uralsk and type 45 (Cramer's V .1752) were found. Of N 563 tested separately for 16 or 18 types, 13.6% were positive. As a whole, the distribution of 16/18 types had a ratio of 3.53:1. Given the vaccine-targeted type 16 is widely spread amongst this regional population, HPV immunization program of adolescent girls 10-13 years should be implemented appropriately.

Keywords

Human papillomavirus;high risk group;PCR typing;western Kazakhstan;prevalence

References

  1. Bernard HU, Burk RD, Chen Z, et al (2010). Classification of papillomaviruses (PVs) based on 189 PV types and proposal of taxonomic amendments. Virology, 401, 70-9. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.virol.2010.02.002
  2. Bruni L, Barrionuevo-Rosas L, Albero G, et al (2015). Human papillomavirus and related diseases in kazakhstan. summary report. ICO information centre on HPV and cancer (HPV information centre).
  3. Bzhalava D, Guan P, Franceschi S, Dillner J, Clifford G (2013). A systematic review of the prevalence of mucosal and cutaneous human papillomavirus types. Virology, 445, 224-31. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.virol.2013.07.015
  4. Chen A, Heideman D, Boon D, et al (2014). Human papillomavirus 45 genetic variation and cervical cancer risk worldwide. J Virology, 88, 4514-21. https://doi.org/10.1128/JVI.03534-13
  5. Chen A, Heideman D, Boon D, et al (2014). Human papillomavirus 33 worldwide genetic variation and associated risk of cervical cancer. Virology, 448, 356-62. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.virol.2013.10.033
  6. Cuzick J, Arbyn M, Sankaranarayanan R, et al (2008). Overview of human papillomavirus-based and other novel options for cervical cancer screening in developed and developing countries. Vaccine, 26, 29-41.
  7. Feoli Fonseca JC, Oligny LL, Filion M, Brochu P, Russo PA, Yotov WV (1998). Direct human papillomavirus (HPV) sequencing method yields a novel HPV in a human immunodeficiency virus-positive Quebec woman and distinguishes a new HPV clade. J Infect Dis, 178, 1492-6. https://doi.org/10.1086/314461
  8. Freire MP, Pires D, Forjaz R, Sato S, Cotrim I (2014). Genital prevalence of HPV types and co-infection in men. Int Braz J Urol, 40, 67-71. https://doi.org/10.1590/S1677-5538.IBJU.2014.01.10
  9. Gudleviciene Z, Didziapetriene J, Mackeviciene I, et al (2014). Prevalence of human papillomaviruses in patients with head and neck squamous cell carcinomas in lithuania and belarus. J Med Virol, 86, 531-5. https://doi.org/10.1002/jmv.23750
  10. Guettiti H, Ennaifer E, Attia L, et al (2014). Pre-vaccination prevalence and genotype distribution of human papillomavirus infection among women from urban Tunis: a cross-sectional study. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev, 15, 9361-5. https://doi.org/10.7314/APJCP.2014.15.21.9361
  11. Huang Y, Lin M, Luo ZY, et al (2013). Low prevalence of HPV in male sexual partners of HR-HPV infected females and low concordance of viral types in couples in Eastern Guangdong. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev, 14, 1755-60. https://doi.org/10.7314/APJCP.2013.14.3.1755
  12. IARC (2012). A Review of Human Carcinogens: Biological Agents, In "Monographs On The Evaluation Of Carcinogenic Risks To Humans". International Agency For Research On Cancer, Lyon, 100(B).
  13. Igissinov N, Nuralina I, Igissinova G, et al (2012). Epidemiological aspects of morbidity and mortality from cervical cancer in Kazakhstan. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev, 13, 2345-8. https://doi.org/10.7314/APJCP.2012.13.5.2345
  14. Igissinov N, Zatoskikh V, Moore MA, Igissinov S, Aldiyarova G (2013). Laryngeal cancer in kazakhstan - ethnic, age and gender differences over time. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev, 14, 7033-7. https://doi.org/10.7314/APJCP.2013.14.11.7033
  15. Li J, Huang R, Schmidt JE, et al (2013). Epidemiological features of Human Papillomavirus (HPV) infection among women living in Mainland China. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev, 14, 4015-23. https://doi.org/10.7314/APJCP.2013.14.7.4015
  16. Mesher D, Soldan K, Howell-Jones R, Panwar K, Manyenga P (2013). Reduction in HPV 16/18 prevalence in sexually active young women following the introduction of HPV immunisation in England. Vaccine, 32, 26-32. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.vaccine.2013.10.085
  17. National Statistical Compendium (2012), published by "Astana-Press", Astana, Kazakhstan.
  18. Orlando G, Fasolo M, Mazza F, Ricci E, Esposito S (2014). Risk of cervical HPV infection and prevalence of vaccine-type and other high risk HPV types among sexually active teens and young women (13-26 years) enrolled in the VALHIDATE study. Human Vaccines Immunotherapeut, 10, 986-94. https://doi.org/10.4161/hv.27682
  19. Osborne SL, Tabrizi SN, Brotherton JM (2015). Assessing genital human papillomavirus genoprevalence in young Australian women following the introduction of a national vaccination program. Vaccine, 33(1), 201-8. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.vaccine.2014.10.045
  20. Rogovskaya SI, Shabalova IP, Mikheeva IV et al (2013). Human papillomavirus prevalence and type-distribution, cervical cancer screening practices and current status of vaccination in russian federation, the western countries of the former soviet union, caucasus region and central asia. in "comprehensive control of HPV infections and related diseases in the central and eastern europe and central asia region" regional report. Vaccine, 31, 46-58.
  21. Schiffman M, Clifford G, Buonaguro FM (2009). Classification of weakly carcinogenic human papillomavirus types: addressing the limits of epidemiology at the borderline. Infect Agent Cancer, 4, 8. https://doi.org/10.1186/1750-9378-4-8
  22. Senapathy JG, Umadevi P, Kannika PS (2011). The present scenario of cervical cancer control and HPV epidemiology in India: an outline. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev, 12, 1107-15.
  23. Turki R, Sait Kh, Anfinan N, Sohrab SS, Abuzenadah AM (2013). Prevalence of human papillomavirus in women from Saudi Arabia. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev, 14, 3177-81. https://doi.org/10.7314/APJCP.2013.14.5.3177
  24. Van Kriekinge G, CastellsagueX, Cibula D, Demarteau N (2014). Estimation of the potential overall impact of human papillomavirus vaccination on cervical cancer cases and deaths. Vaccine, 32, 733-9. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.vaccine.2013.11.049
  25. Varghese C, Carlos MC, Shin HR (2014). Cancer burden and control in the Western pacific region: challenges and opportunities. Ann Glob Health, 80, 358-69. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aogh.2014.09.015
  26. Wang YY, Li Li, Wei S, Peng Ji, Yuan SX (2013). Human Papillomavirus (HPV) infection in women participating in cervical cancer screening from 2006 to 2010 in Shenzhen City, South China. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev, 14, 7483-7. https://doi.org/10.7314/APJCP.2013.14.12.7483
  27. Yang L, Yang H, Wu K, Shi X, Ma S (2014). Prevalence of HPV and Variation of HPV 16/HPV 18 E6/E7 genes in cervical cancer in women in south west china. j med virol, 86, 1926-36. https://doi.org/10.1002/jmv.24043
  28. Yousefzadeh A, Mostafavizadeh SM, Jarollahi A, Raeisi M, Garshasbi M (2014). Human papillomavirus (HPV) prevalence and types among women attending regular gynecological visit in tehran, Iran. Clin Laboratory, 60, 267-73.
  29. Zhao FH, Zhu FC,Chen W, et al (2014). Baseline prevalence and type distribution of human papillomavirus in healthy Chinese women aged 18-25 years enrolled in a clinical trial. Int J Cancer, 135, 2604-11. https://doi.org/10.1002/ijc.28896