협력학습의 교육적 효과 및 학습자들의 수업 경험

Educational Effects and Learners' Experiences during Collaborative Learning

  • 이순덕 (남부대학교 초등특수교육과)
  • Lee, Soon-Deok (Department of Elementary Special Education, Nambu University)
  • 투고 : 2015.12.23
  • 심사 : 2016.04.07
  • 발행 : 2016.04.30


본 연구는 대학 교직수업에 적용한 협력학습의 교육적 효과를 검증하고, 협력학습 과정에서 학습자들이 느끼는 수업경험의 내용을 분석하는 것이 목적이다. 광주에 소재한 N대학교의 사범계열 학생 44명을 대상으로 전체 7주 동안 실험을 진행하였다. 4명의 이질적인 구성원으로 구성된 협력학습 집단별로 학습을 진행한 결과는 다음과 같다. 첫째, 학업성취도에 대한 사전-사후분석 결과 의미 있는 차이가 나타났다. 특히 협력학습 성향이 높은 학습자들의 학업성취가 의미 있게 향상하였다. 둘째, 인식론적 신념은 사전-사후분석에서 의미 있는 변화가 없었다. 하지만, 협력학습 성향이 높은 학습자들은 협력학습 이후에 단순한 지식에 대한 믿음과 잠정적 지식에 대한 믿음이 오히려 약해지는 결과를 나타냈다. 셋째, 협력학습 과정에서 학습자들은 인지적, 정의적, 동기적 측면의 다양한 수업 경험을 보고했고, 협력학습 성향이 낮은 학습자에 비해 높은 학습자들은 동기적 측면에서 긍정적인 수업 경험을 보다 많이 보고했다. 효과적이고 효율적인 협력학습 실행을 위해서는 구성원간 친밀감 형성이 전제되어야 하고, 각자 역할에 따른 사전준비 활동이 이루어져야 함을 제안하였다.


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